PyTorch Custom Operators Landing Page

PyTorch offers a large library of operators that work on Tensors (e.g. torch.add, torch.sum, etc). However, you may wish to bring a new custom operation to PyTorch and get it to work with subsystems like torch.compile, autograd, and torch.vmap. In order to do so, you must register the custom operation with PyTorch via the Python torch.library docs or C++ TORCH_LIBRARY APIs.


Authoring a custom operator from Python

Please see Python Custom Operators.

You may wish to author a custom operator from Python (as opposed to C++) if: - you have a Python function you want PyTorch to treat as an opaque callable, especially with respect to torch.compile and torch.export. - you have some Python bindings to C++/CUDA kernels and want those to compose with PyTorch subsystems (like torch.compile or torch.autograd)

Integrating custom C++ and/or CUDA code with PyTorch

Please see Custom C++ and CUDA Operators.

You may wish to author a custom operator from C++ (as opposed to Python) if: - you have custom C++ and/or CUDA code. - you plan to use this code with AOTInductor to do Python-less inference.

The Custom Operators Manual

For information not covered in the tutorials and this page, please see The Custom Operators Manual (we’re working on moving the information to our docs site). We recommend that you first read one of the tutorials above and then use the Custom Operators Manual as a reference; it is not meant to be read head to toe.

When should I create a Custom Operator?

If your operation is expressible as a composition of built-in PyTorch operators then please write it as a Python function and call it instead of creating a custom operator. Use the operator registration APIs to create a custom operator if you are calling into some library that PyTorch doesn’t understand (e.g. custom C/C++ code, a custom CUDA kernel, or Python bindings to C/C++/CUDA extensions).

Why should I create a Custom Operator?

It is possible to use a C/C++/CUDA kernel by grabbing a Tensor’s data pointer and passing it to a pybind’ed kernel. However, this approach doesn’t compose with PyTorch subsystems like autograd, torch.compile, vmap, and more. In order for an operation to compose with PyTorch subsystems, it must be registered via the operator registration APIs.


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