class torch.nn.HingeEmbeddingLoss(margin=1.0, size_average=None, reduce=None, reduction='mean')[source]

Measures the loss given an input tensor xx and a labels tensor yy (containing 1 or -1). This is usually used for measuring whether two inputs are similar or dissimilar, e.g. using the L1 pairwise distance as xx, and is typically used for learning nonlinear embeddings or semi-supervised learning.

The loss function for nn-th sample in the mini-batch is

ln={xn,if  yn=1,max{0,marginxn},if  yn=1,l_n = \begin{cases} x_n, & \text{if}\; y_n = 1,\\ \max \{0, margin - x_n\}, & \text{if}\; y_n = -1, \end{cases}

and the total loss functions is

(x,y)={mean(L),if reduction=‘mean’;sum(L),if reduction=‘sum’.\ell(x, y) = \begin{cases} \operatorname{mean}(L), & \text{if reduction} = \text{`mean';}\\ \operatorname{sum}(L), & \text{if reduction} = \text{`sum'.} \end{cases}

where L={l1,,lN}L = \{l_1,\dots,l_N\}^\top.

  • margin (float, optional) – Has a default value of 1.

  • size_average (bool, optional) – Deprecated (see reduction). By default, the losses are averaged over each loss element in the batch. Note that for some losses, there are multiple elements per sample. If the field size_average is set to False, the losses are instead summed for each minibatch. Ignored when reduce is False. Default: True

  • reduce (bool, optional) – Deprecated (see reduction). By default, the losses are averaged or summed over observations for each minibatch depending on size_average. When reduce is False, returns a loss per batch element instead and ignores size_average. Default: True

  • reduction (str, optional) – Specifies the reduction to apply to the output: 'none' | 'mean' | 'sum'. 'none': no reduction will be applied, 'mean': the sum of the output will be divided by the number of elements in the output, 'sum': the output will be summed. Note: size_average and reduce are in the process of being deprecated, and in the meantime, specifying either of those two args will override reduction. Default: 'mean'

  • Input: ()(*) where * means, any number of dimensions. The sum operation operates over all the elements.

  • Target: ()(*), same shape as the input

  • Output: scalar. If reduction is 'none', then same shape as the input


Access comprehensive developer documentation for PyTorch

View Docs


Get in-depth tutorials for beginners and advanced developers

View Tutorials


Find development resources and get your questions answered

View Resources