Shortcuts

# torch.median¶

torch.median(input)

Returns the median of the values in input.

Note

The median is not unique for input tensors with an even number of elements. In this case the lower of the two medians is returned. To compute the mean of both medians, use torch.quantile() with q=0.5 instead.

Warning

This function produces deterministic (sub)gradients unlike median(dim=0)

Parameters

input (Tensor) – the input tensor.

Example:

>>> a = torch.randn(1, 3)
>>> a
tensor([[ 1.5219, -1.5212,  0.2202]])
>>> torch.median(a)
tensor(0.2202)

torch.median(input, dim=-1, keepdim=False, *, out=None)

Returns a namedtuple (values, indices) where values contains the median of each row of input in the dimension dim, and indices contains the index of the median values found in the dimension dim.

By default, dim is the last dimension of the input tensor.

If keepdim is True, the output tensors are of the same size as input except in the dimension dim where they are of size 1. Otherwise, dim is squeezed (see torch.squeeze()), resulting in the outputs tensor having 1 fewer dimension than input.

Note

The median is not unique for input tensors with an even number of elements in the dimension dim. In this case the lower of the two medians is returned. To compute the mean of both medians in input, use torch.quantile() with q=0.5 instead.

Warning

indices does not necessarily contain the first occurrence of each median value found, unless it is unique. The exact implementation details are device-specific. Do not expect the same result when run on CPU and GPU in general. For the same reason do not expect the gradients to be deterministic.

Parameters
• input (Tensor) – the input tensor.

• dim (int) – the dimension to reduce.

• keepdim (bool) – whether the output tensor has dim retained or not.

Keyword Arguments

out ((Tensor, Tensor), optional) – The first tensor will be populated with the median values and the second tensor, which must have dtype long, with their indices in the dimension dim of input.

Example:

>>> a = torch.randn(4, 5)
>>> a
tensor([[ 0.2505, -0.3982, -0.9948,  0.3518, -1.3131],
[ 0.3180, -0.6993,  1.0436,  0.0438,  0.2270],
[-0.2751,  0.7303,  0.2192,  0.3321,  0.2488],
[ 1.0778, -1.9510,  0.7048,  0.4742, -0.7125]])
>>> torch.median(a, 1)
torch.return_types.median(values=tensor([-0.3982,  0.2270,  0.2488,  0.4742]), indices=tensor([1, 4, 4, 3])) ## Docs

Access comprehensive developer documentation for PyTorch

View Docs

## Tutorials

Get in-depth tutorials for beginners and advanced developers

View Tutorials