Source code for

import random
import torch
import torch.multiprocessing as multiprocessing
from torch._C import _set_worker_signal_handlers, _update_worker_pids, \
    _remove_worker_pids, _error_if_any_worker_fails
from . import SequentialSampler, RandomSampler, BatchSampler
import signal
import functools
from torch._six import container_abcs
import re
import sys
import threading
import traceback
import os
import time
import atexit
from torch._six import string_classes, int_classes, FileNotFoundError

IS_WINDOWS = sys.platform == "win32"
    import ctypes
    from ctypes.wintypes import DWORD, BOOL, HANDLE

if sys.version_info[0] == 2:
    import Queue as queue
    import queue

# NOTE [ Python Traceback Reference Cycle Problem ]
# When using sys.exc_info(), it is important to **not** store the exc_info[2],
# which is the traceback, because otherwise you will run into the traceback
# reference cycle problem, i.e., the traceback holding reference to the frame,
# and the frame (which holds reference to all the object in its temporary scope)
# holding reference the traceback.

class ExceptionWrapper(object):
    r"""Wraps an exception plus traceback to communicate across threads"""
    def __init__(self, exc_info):
        # It is important that we don't store exc_info, see
        # NOTE [ Python Traceback Reference Cycle Problem ]
        self.exc_type = exc_info[0]
        self.exc_msg = "".join(traceback.format_exception(*exc_info))

_use_shared_memory = False
r"""Whether to use shared memory in default_collate"""

r"""Interval (in seconds) to check status of processes to avoid hanging in
    multiprocessing data loading. This is mainly used in getting data from
    another process, in which case we need to periodically check whether the
    sender is alive to prevent hanging."""

    # On Windows, the parent ID of the worker process remains unchanged when the manager process
    # is gone, and the only way to check it through OS is to let the worker have a process handle
    # of the manager and ask if the process status has changed.
    class ManagerWatchdog(object):
        def __init__(self):
            self.manager_pid = os.getppid()

            self.kernel32 = ctypes.WinDLL('kernel32', use_last_error=True)
            self.kernel32.OpenProcess.argtypes = (DWORD, BOOL, DWORD)
            self.kernel32.OpenProcess.restype = HANDLE
            self.kernel32.WaitForSingleObject.argtypes = (HANDLE, DWORD)
            self.kernel32.WaitForSingleObject.restype = DWORD

            # Value obtained from
            SYNCHRONIZE = 0x00100000
            self.manager_handle = self.kernel32.OpenProcess(SYNCHRONIZE, 0, self.manager_pid)

            if not self.manager_handle:
                raise ctypes.WinError(ctypes.get_last_error())

            self.manager_dead = False

        def is_alive(self):
            if not self.manager_dead:
                # Value obtained from
                self.manager_dead = self.kernel32.WaitForSingleObject(self.manager_handle, 0) == 0
            return not self.manager_dead
    class ManagerWatchdog(object):
        def __init__(self):
            self.manager_pid = os.getppid()
            self.manager_dead = False

        def is_alive(self):
            if not self.manager_dead:
                self.manager_dead = os.getppid() != self.manager_pid
            return not self.manager_dead

def _worker_loop(dataset, index_queue, data_queue, done_event, collate_fn, seed, init_fn, worker_id):
    # See NOTE [ Data Loader Multiprocessing Shutdown Logic ] for details on the
    # logic of this function.

        global _use_shared_memory
        _use_shared_memory = True

        # Intialize C side signal handlers for SIGBUS and SIGSEGV. Python signal
        # module's handlers are executed after Python returns from C low-level
        # handlers, likely when the same fatal signal happened again already.
        # Sec.



        if init_fn is not None:

        watchdog = ManagerWatchdog()

        while watchdog.is_alive():
                r = index_queue.get(timeout=MP_STATUS_CHECK_INTERVAL)
            except queue.Empty:
            if r is None:
                # Received the final signal
                assert done_event.is_set()
            elif done_event.is_set():
                # Done event is set. But I haven't received the final signal
                # (None) yet. I will keep continuing until get it, and skip the
                # processing steps.
            idx, batch_indices = r
                samples = collate_fn([dataset[i] for i in batch_indices])
            except Exception:
                # It is important that we don't store exc_info in a variable,
                # see NOTE [ Python Traceback Reference Cycle Problem ]
                data_queue.put((idx, ExceptionWrapper(sys.exc_info())))
                data_queue.put((idx, samples))
                del samples
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        # Main process will raise KeyboardInterrupt anyways.

def _pin_memory_loop(in_queue, out_queue, device_id, done_event):

    # See NOTE [ Data Loader Multiprocessing Shutdown Logic ] for details on the
    # logic of this function.
    while True:
            r = in_queue.get(timeout=MP_STATUS_CHECK_INTERVAL)
        except queue.Empty:
        except Exception:
            if done_event.is_set():
                # Weird things can happen when shutting down, e.g., fd being
                # closed when tensors are shared via fds.
        if r is None:
            assert done_event.is_set()
        elif done_event.is_set():
            # Haven't seen the final signal yet. Keep getting until None.
        elif isinstance(r[1], ExceptionWrapper):
            idx, batch = r
                batch = pin_memory_batch(batch)
            except Exception:
                out_queue.put((idx, ExceptionWrapper(sys.exc_info())))
                out_queue.put((idx, batch))

numpy_type_map = {
    'float64': torch.DoubleTensor,
    'float32': torch.FloatTensor,
    'float16': torch.HalfTensor,
    'int64': torch.LongTensor,
    'int32': torch.IntTensor,
    'int16': torch.ShortTensor,
    'int8': torch.CharTensor,
    'uint8': torch.ByteTensor,

def default_collate(batch):
    r"""Puts each data field into a tensor with outer dimension batch size"""

    error_msg = "batch must contain tensors, numbers, dicts or lists; found {}"
    elem_type = type(batch[0])
    if isinstance(batch[0], torch.Tensor):
        out = None
        if _use_shared_memory:
            # If we're in a background process, concatenate directly into a
            # shared memory tensor to avoid an extra copy
            numel = sum([x.numel() for x in batch])
            storage = batch[0].storage()._new_shared(numel)
            out = batch[0].new(storage)
        return torch.stack(batch, 0, out=out)
    elif elem_type.__module__ == 'numpy' and elem_type.__name__ != 'str_' \
            and elem_type.__name__ != 'string_':
        elem = batch[0]
        if elem_type.__name__ == 'ndarray':
            # array of string classes and object
            if'[SaUO]', elem.dtype.str) is not None:
                raise TypeError(error_msg.format(elem.dtype))

            return torch.stack([torch.from_numpy(b) for b in batch], 0)
        if elem.shape == ():  # scalars
            py_type = float if'float') else int
            return numpy_type_map[](list(map(py_type, batch)))
    elif isinstance(batch[0], int_classes):
        return torch.LongTensor(batch)
    elif isinstance(batch[0], float):
        return torch.DoubleTensor(batch)
    elif isinstance(batch[0], string_classes):
        return batch
    elif isinstance(batch[0], container_abcs.Mapping):
        return {key: default_collate([d[key] for d in batch]) for key in batch[0]}
    elif isinstance(batch[0], container_abcs.Sequence):
        transposed = zip(*batch)
        return [default_collate(samples) for samples in transposed]

    raise TypeError((error_msg.format(type(batch[0]))))

def pin_memory_batch(batch):
    if isinstance(batch, torch.Tensor):
        return batch.pin_memory()
    elif isinstance(batch, string_classes):
        return batch
    elif isinstance(batch, container_abcs.Mapping):
        return {k: pin_memory_batch(sample) for k, sample in batch.items()}
    elif isinstance(batch, container_abcs.Sequence):
        return [pin_memory_batch(sample) for sample in batch]
        return batch

_SIGCHLD_handler_set = False
r"""Whether SIGCHLD handler is set for DataLoader worker failures. Only one
handler needs to be set for all DataLoaders in a process."""

def _set_SIGCHLD_handler():
    # Windows doesn't support SIGCHLD handler
    if sys.platform == 'win32':
    # can't set signal in child threads
    if not isinstance(threading.current_thread(), threading._MainThread):
    global _SIGCHLD_handler_set
    if _SIGCHLD_handler_set:
    previous_handler = signal.getsignal(signal.SIGCHLD)
    if not callable(previous_handler):
        # This doesn't catch default handler, but SIGCHLD default handler is a
        # no-op.
        previous_handler = None

    def handler(signum, frame):
        # This following call uses `waitid` with WNOHANG from C side. Therefore,
        # Python can still get and update the process status successfully.
        if previous_handler is not None:
            previous_handler(signum, frame)

    signal.signal(signal.SIGCHLD, handler)
    _SIGCHLD_handler_set = True

_python_exit_status = False
r"""Whether Python is shutting down. This flag is guaranteed to be set before
the Python core library resources are freed, but Python may already be exiting
for some time when this is set.

Hook to set this flag is `_set_python_exit_flag`, and is inspired by a similar
hook in Python 3.7 multiprocessing library:

def _set_python_exit_flag():
    global _python_exit_status
    _python_exit_status = True


class _DataLoaderIter(object):
    r"""Iterates once over the DataLoader's dataset, as specified by the sampler"""

    # NOTE [ Data Loader Multiprocessing Shutdown Logic ]
    # Preliminary:
    # Our data model looks like this (queues are indicated with curly brackets):
    #                main process                              ||
    #                     |                                    ||
    #               {index_queue}                              ||
    #                     |                                    ||
    #              worker processes                            ||     DATA
    #                     |                                    ||
    #            {worker_result_queue}                         ||     FLOW
    #                     |                                    ||
    #      pin_memory_thread of main process                   ||   DIRECTION
    #                     |                                    ||
    #               {data_queue}                               ||
    #                     |                                    ||
    #                data output                               \/
    # P.S. `worker_result_queue` and `pin_memory_thread` part may be omitted if
    #      `pin_memory=False`.
    # Terminating multiprocessing logic requires very careful design. In
    # particular, we need to make sure that
    #   1. The iterator gracefully exits the workers when its last reference is
    #      gone or it is depleted.
    #      In this case, the workers should be gracefully exited because the
    #      main process may still need to continue to run, and we want cleaning
    #      up code in the workers to be executed (e.g., releasing GPU memory).
    #      Naturally, we implement the shutdown logic in `__del__` of
    #      DataLoaderIterator.
    #      We delay the discussion on the logic in this case until later.
    #   2. The iterator exits the workers when the loader process and/or worker
    #      processes exits normally or with error.
    #      We set all workers and `pin_memory_thread` to have `daemon=True`.
    #      You may ask, why can't we make the workers non-daemonic, and
    #      gracefully exit using the same logic as we have in `__del__` when the
    #      iterator gets deleted (see 1 above)?
    #      First of all, `__del__` is **not** guaranteed to be called when
    #      interpreter exits. Even if it is called, by the time it executes,
    #      many Python core library resources may alreay be freed, and even
    #      simple things like acquiring an internal lock of a queue may hang.
    #      Therefore, in this case, we actually need to prevent `__del__` from
    #      being executed, and rely on the automatic termination of daemonic
    #      children. Thus, we register an `atexit` hook that sets a global flag
    #      `_python_exit_status`. Since `atexit` hooks are executed in reverse
    #      order of registration, we are guaranteed that this flag is set before
    #      library resources we use are freed. (Hooks freeing those resources
    #      are registered at importing the Python core libraries at the top of
    #      this file.) So in `__del__`, we check if `_python_exit_status` is set
    #      or `None` (freed), and perform no-op if so.
    #      Another problem with `__del__` is also related to the library cleanup
    #      calls. When a process ends, it shuts the all its daemonic children
    #      down with a SIGTERM (instead of joining them without a timeout).
    #      Simiarly for threads, but by a different mechanism. This fact,
    #      together with a few implementation details of multiprocessing, forces
    #      us to make workers daemonic. All of our problems arise when a
    #      DataLoader is used in a subprocess, and are caused by multiprocessing
    #      code which looks more or less like this:
    #          try:
    #              your_function_using_a_dataloader()
    #          finally:
    #              multiprocessing.util._exit_function()
    #      The joining/termination mentioned above happens inside
    #      `_exit_function()`. Now, if `your_function_using_a_dataloader()`
    #      throws, the stack trace stored in the exception will prevent the
    #      frame which uses `DataLoaderIter` to be freed. If the frame has any
    #      reference to the `DataLoaderIter` (e.g., in a method of the iter),
    #      its  `__del__`, which starts the shutdown procedure, will not be
    #      called. That, in turn, means that workers aren't notified. Attempting
    #      to join in `_exit_function` will then result in a hang.
    #      For context, `_exit_function` is also registered as an `atexit` call.
    #      So it is unclear to me (@ssnl) why this is needed in a finally block.
    #      The code dates back to 2008 and there is no comment on the original
    #      PEP 371 or patch (containing both
    #      the finally block and the `atexit` registration) that explains this.
    #      Another choice is to just shutdown workers with logic in 1 above
    #      whenever we see an error in `next`. This isn't ideal because
    #        a. It prevents users from using try-catch to resume data loading.
    #        b. It doesn't prevent hanging if users have references to the
    #           iterator.
    #   3. All processes exit if any of them die unexpectedly by fatal signals.
    #      As shown above, the workers are set as daemonic children of the main
    #      process. However, automatic cleaning-up of such child processes only
    #      happens if the parent process exits gracefully (e.g., not via fatal
    #      signals like SIGKILL). So we must ensure that each process will exit
    #      even the process that should send/receive data to/from it were
    #      killed, i.e.,
    #        a. A process won't hang when getting from a queue.
    #           Even with carefully designed data dependencies (i.e., a `put()`
    #           always corresponding to a `get()`), hanging on `get()` can still
    #           happen when data in queue is corrupted (e.g., due to
    #           `cancel_join_thread` or unexpected exit).
    #           For child exit, we register SIGCHLD handler on main process,
    #           which checks if any of the workers fail in the (Python) handler.
    #           See DataLoader.cpp.
    #           For `.get()` calls where the sender(s) is not the workers, we
    #           guard them with timeouts, and check the status of the sender
    #           when timeout happens:
    #             + in the workers, the `ManagerWatchdog` class checks the main
    #               process status.
    #             + if `pin_memory=True`, when getting from `pin_memory_thread`,
    #               check `pin_memory_thread` status periodically until `.get()`
    #               returns or see that `pin_memory_thread` died.
    #        b. A process won't hang when putting into a queue;
    #           We use `mp.Queue` which has a separate background thread to put
    #           objects from an unbounded buffer array. The background thread is
    #           daemonic and usually automatically joined when the process
    #           exits.
    #           However, in case that the receiver has ended abruptly while
    #           reading from the pipe, the join will hang forever. Therefore,
    #           for both `worker_result_queue` (worker -> main process/pin_memory_thread)
    #           and each `index_queue` (main process -> worker), we use
    #           `q.cancel_join_thread()` in sender process before any `q.put` to
    #           prevent this automatic join.
    #           Moreover, having all queues called `cancel_join_thread` makes
    #           implementing graceful shutdown logic in `__del__` much easier.
    #           It won't need to get from any queue, which would also need to be
    #           guarded by periodic status checks.
    #           Note that this may leave corrupted data in the queue, but we
    #           don't care about the data anyways once we are shutting down.
    # Now let's get back to 1:
    #   how we gracefully exit the workers when the last reference to the
    #   iteartor is gone.
    # To achieve this, we implement the following logic along with the design
    # choices mentioned above:
    # [worker processes]
    #   While loader process is alive:
    #     Get from index_queue.
    #       If got a `None`, exit.
    #       If get anything else,
    #          Check `done_event`.
    #            If set, continue to next iteration
    #                    i.e., keep getting until see the `None`, then exit.
    #            Otherwise, process data.
    #       If timed out,
    #          No matter `done_event` is set (still need to see `None`) or not,
    #          must continue to next iteration .
    # [pin_memory_thread]
    #   # No need to check main thread. If this thread is alive, the main loader
    #   # thread must be alive, because this thread is set as daemonic.
    #   While True:
    #     Get from index_queue.
    #       If got a `None`, exit.
    #       If get anything else,
    #          Check `done_event`.
    #            If set, continue to next iteration
    #                    i.e., keep getting until see the `None`, then exit.
    #            Otherwise, process data.
    #   NOTE: we don't check the status of the main thread because
    #           1. if the process is killed by fatal signal, `pin_memory_thread`
    #              ends.
    #           2. in other cases, either the cleaning-up in __del__ or the
    #              automatic exit of daemonic thread will take care of it.
    #              This won't busy-wait either because `.get(timeout)` does not
    #              busy-wait.
    # [main process]
    #   In the DataLoader Iter's `__del__`
    #     a. Set `done_event` (shared with `pin_memory_thread` and workers).
    #        Note: from here on, the workers & `pin_memory_thread` may exit at
    #              any time after they receive `None`.
    #     b. Exit `pin_memory_thread`
    #          i.   Put `None` in `worker_result_queue`.
    #          ii.  Join the `pin_memory_thread`.
    #     c. Exit the workers.
    #          i.   Put `None` in each worker's `index_queue`.
    #          ii.  Join the workers.
    #        NOTE: This has to be after (b) because it may leave corrupted data
    #              in `worker_result_queue`, which `pin_memory_thread` reads
    #              from.
    #   NOTE: If `pin_memory=False`, there is no `pin_memory_thread` and (b)
    #         can be omitted
    # NB: `done_event`s isn't strictly needed. E.g., we can just check for
    #     `None` from `index_queue`, but it allows us to skip wasting resources
    #     processing indices already in `index_queue` if we are already shutting
    #     down.

    def __init__(self, loader):
        self.dataset = loader.dataset
        self.collate_fn = loader.collate_fn
        self.batch_sampler = loader.batch_sampler
        self.num_workers = loader.num_workers
        self.pin_memory = loader.pin_memory and torch.cuda.is_available()
        self.timeout = loader.timeout

        self.sample_iter = iter(self.batch_sampler)

        base_seed = torch.LongTensor(1).random_().item()

        if self.num_workers > 0:
            self.worker_init_fn = loader.worker_init_fn
            self.worker_queue_idx = 0
            self.worker_result_queue = multiprocessing.Queue()
            self.batches_outstanding = 0
            self.worker_pids_set = False
            self.shutdown = False
            self.send_idx = 0
            self.rcvd_idx = 0
            self.reorder_dict = {}
            self.done_event = multiprocessing.Event()

            self.index_queues = []
            self.workers = []
            for i in range(self.num_workers):
                index_queue = multiprocessing.Queue()
                w = multiprocessing.Process(
                    args=(self.dataset, index_queue,
                          self.worker_result_queue, self.done_event,
                          self.collate_fn, base_seed + i,
                          self.worker_init_fn, i))
                w.daemon = True
                # NB: Process.start() actually take some time as it needs to
                #     start a process and pass the arguments over via a pipe.
                #     Therefore, we only add a worker to self.workers list after
                #     it started, so that we do not call .join() if program dies
                #     before it starts, and __del__ tries to join but will get:
                #     AssertionError: can only join a started process.

            if self.pin_memory:
                self.data_queue = queue.Queue()
                pin_memory_thread = threading.Thread(
                    args=(self.worker_result_queue, self.data_queue,
                          torch.cuda.current_device(), self.done_event))
                pin_memory_thread.daemon = True
                # Similar to workers (see comment above), we only register
                # pin_memory_thread once it is started.
                self.pin_memory_thread = pin_memory_thread
                self.data_queue = self.worker_result_queue

            _update_worker_pids(id(self), tuple( for w in self.workers))
            self.worker_pids_set = True

            # prime the prefetch loop
            for _ in range(2 * self.num_workers):

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.batch_sampler)

    def _get_batch(self):
        # In the non-timeout case, worker exit is covered by SIGCHLD handler.
        # But if `pin_memory=True`, we still need account for the possibility
        # that `pin_memory_thread` dies.
        if self.timeout > 0:
                return self.data_queue.get(timeout=self.timeout)
            except queue.Empty:
                raise RuntimeError('DataLoader timed out after {} seconds'.format(self.timeout))
        elif self.pin_memory:
            while self.pin_memory_thread.is_alive():
                    return self.data_queue.get(timeout=MP_STATUS_CHECK_INTERVAL)
                except queue.Empty:
                # while condition is false, i.e., pin_memory_thread died.
                raise RuntimeError('Pin memory thread exited unexpectedly')
            # In this case, `self.data_queue` is a `queue.Queue`,. But we don't
            # need to call `.task_done()` because we don't use `.join()`.
            return self.data_queue.get()

    def __next__(self):
        if self.num_workers == 0:  # same-process loading
            indices = next(self.sample_iter)  # may raise StopIteration
            batch = self.collate_fn([self.dataset[i] for i in indices])
            if self.pin_memory:
                batch = pin_memory_batch(batch)
            return batch

        # check if the next sample has already been generated
        if self.rcvd_idx in self.reorder_dict:
            batch = self.reorder_dict.pop(self.rcvd_idx)
            return self._process_next_batch(batch)

        if self.batches_outstanding == 0:
            raise StopIteration

        while True:
            assert (not self.shutdown and self.batches_outstanding > 0)
            idx, batch = self._get_batch()
            self.batches_outstanding -= 1
            if idx != self.rcvd_idx:
                # store out-of-order samples
                self.reorder_dict[idx] = batch
            return self._process_next_batch(batch)

    next = __next__  # Python 2 compatibility

    def __iter__(self):
        return self

    def _put_indices(self):
        assert self.batches_outstanding < 2 * self.num_workers
        indices = next(self.sample_iter, None)
        if indices is None:
        self.index_queues[self.worker_queue_idx].put((self.send_idx, indices))
        self.worker_queue_idx = (self.worker_queue_idx + 1) % self.num_workers
        self.batches_outstanding += 1
        self.send_idx += 1

    def _process_next_batch(self, batch):
        self.rcvd_idx += 1
        if isinstance(batch, ExceptionWrapper):
            raise batch.exc_type(batch.exc_msg)
        return batch

    def __getstate__(self):
        # TODO: add limited pickling support for sharing an iterator
        # across multiple threads for HOGWILD.
        # Probably the best way to do this is by moving the sample pushing
        # to a separate thread and then just sharing the data queue
        # but signalling the end is tricky without a non-blocking API
        raise NotImplementedError("_DataLoaderIter cannot be pickled")

    def _shutdown_workers(self):
        # See NOTE [ Data Loader Multiprocessing Shutdown Logic ] for details on
        # the logic of this function.
        if _python_exit_status is True or _python_exit_status is None:
            # See (2) of the note. If Python is shutting down, do no-op.
        # Normal exit when last reference is gone / iterator is depleted.
        # See (1) and the second half of the note.
        if not self.shutdown:
            self.shutdown = True
            # Removes pids from the C side data structure first so worker
            # termination afterwards won't trigger false positive error report.
            if self.worker_pids_set:
                self.worker_pids_set = False


            # Exit `pin_memory_thread` first because exiting workers may leave
            # corrupted data in `worker_result_queue` which `pin_memory_thread`
            # reads from.
            if hasattr(self, 'pin_memory_thread'):
                # Use hasattr in case error happens before we set the attribute.
                # First time do `worker_result_queue.put` in this process.

                # `cancel_join_thread` in case that `pin_memory_thread` exited.
                # Indicate that no more data will be put on this queue by the
                # current process. This **must** be called after
                # `pin_memory_thread` is joined because that thread shares the
                # same pipe handles with this loader thread. If the handle is
                # closed, Py3 will error in this case, but Py2 will just time
                # out even if there is data in the queue.

            # Exit workers now.
            for q in self.index_queues:
                # Indicate that no more data will be put on this queue by the
                # current process.
            for w in self.workers:

    def __del__(self):
        if self.num_workers > 0:

[docs]class DataLoader(object): r""" Data loader. Combines a dataset and a sampler, and provides single- or multi-process iterators over the dataset. Arguments: dataset (Dataset): dataset from which to load the data. batch_size (int, optional): how many samples per batch to load (default: ``1``). shuffle (bool, optional): set to ``True`` to have the data reshuffled at every epoch (default: ``False``). sampler (Sampler, optional): defines the strategy to draw samples from the dataset. If specified, ``shuffle`` must be False. batch_sampler (Sampler, optional): like sampler, but returns a batch of indices at a time. Mutually exclusive with :attr:`batch_size`, :attr:`shuffle`, :attr:`sampler`, and :attr:`drop_last`. num_workers (int, optional): how many subprocesses to use for data loading. 0 means that the data will be loaded in the main process. (default: ``0``) collate_fn (callable, optional): merges a list of samples to form a mini-batch. pin_memory (bool, optional): If ``True``, the data loader will copy tensors into CUDA pinned memory before returning them. drop_last (bool, optional): set to ``True`` to drop the last incomplete batch, if the dataset size is not divisible by the batch size. If ``False`` and the size of dataset is not divisible by the batch size, then the last batch will be smaller. (default: ``False``) timeout (numeric, optional): if positive, the timeout value for collecting a batch from workers. Should always be non-negative. (default: ``0``) worker_init_fn (callable, optional): If not ``None``, this will be called on each worker subprocess with the worker id (an int in ``[0, num_workers - 1]``) as input, after seeding and before data loading. (default: ``None``) .. note:: By default, each worker will have its PyTorch seed set to ``base_seed + worker_id``, where ``base_seed`` is a long generated by main process using its RNG. However, seeds for other libraies may be duplicated upon initializing workers (w.g., NumPy), causing each worker to return identical random numbers. (See :ref:`dataloader-workers-random-seed` section in FAQ.) You may use :func:`torch.initial_seed()` to access the PyTorch seed for each worker in :attr:`worker_init_fn`, and use it to set other seeds before data loading. .. warning:: If ``spawn`` start method is used, :attr:`worker_init_fn` cannot be an unpicklable object, e.g., a lambda function. """ __initialized = False def __init__(self, dataset, batch_size=1, shuffle=False, sampler=None, batch_sampler=None, num_workers=0, collate_fn=default_collate, pin_memory=False, drop_last=False, timeout=0, worker_init_fn=None): self.dataset = dataset self.batch_size = batch_size self.num_workers = num_workers self.collate_fn = collate_fn self.pin_memory = pin_memory self.drop_last = drop_last self.timeout = timeout self.worker_init_fn = worker_init_fn if timeout < 0: raise ValueError('timeout option should be non-negative') if batch_sampler is not None: if batch_size > 1 or shuffle or sampler is not None or drop_last: raise ValueError('batch_sampler option is mutually exclusive ' 'with batch_size, shuffle, sampler, and ' 'drop_last') self.batch_size = None self.drop_last = None if sampler is not None and shuffle: raise ValueError('sampler option is mutually exclusive with ' 'shuffle') if self.num_workers < 0: raise ValueError('num_workers option cannot be negative; ' 'use num_workers=0 to disable multiprocessing.') if batch_sampler is None: if sampler is None: if shuffle: sampler = RandomSampler(dataset) else: sampler = SequentialSampler(dataset) batch_sampler = BatchSampler(sampler, batch_size, drop_last) self.sampler = sampler self.batch_sampler = batch_sampler self.__initialized = True def __setattr__(self, attr, val): if self.__initialized and attr in ('batch_size', 'sampler', 'drop_last'): raise ValueError('{} attribute should not be set after {} is ' 'initialized'.format(attr, self.__class__.__name__)) super(DataLoader, self).__setattr__(attr, val) def __iter__(self): return _DataLoaderIter(self) def __len__(self): return len(self.batch_sampler)


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