# Source code for torchvision.models.detection.mask_rcnn

```
from collections import OrderedDict
from typing import Any, Callable, Optional
from torch import nn
from torchvision.ops import MultiScaleRoIAlign
from ...ops import misc as misc_nn_ops
from ...transforms._presets import ObjectDetection
from .._api import register_model, Weights, WeightsEnum
from .._meta import _COCO_CATEGORIES
from .._utils import _ovewrite_value_param, handle_legacy_interface
from ..resnet import resnet50, ResNet50_Weights
from ._utils import overwrite_eps
from .backbone_utils import _resnet_fpn_extractor, _validate_trainable_layers
from .faster_rcnn import _default_anchorgen, FasterRCNN, FastRCNNConvFCHead, RPNHead
__all__ = [
"MaskRCNN",
"MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights",
"MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights",
"maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn",
"maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn_v2",
]
class MaskRCNN(FasterRCNN):
"""
Implements Mask R-CNN.
The input to the model is expected to be a list of tensors, each of shape [C, H, W], one for each
image, and should be in 0-1 range. Different images can have different sizes.
The behavior of the model changes depending on if it is in training or evaluation mode.
During training, the model expects both the input tensors and targets (list of dictionary),
containing:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the ground-truth boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (Int64Tensor[N]): the class label for each ground-truth box
- masks (UInt8Tensor[N, H, W]): the segmentation binary masks for each instance
The model returns a Dict[Tensor] during training, containing the classification and regression
losses for both the RPN and the R-CNN, and the mask loss.
During inference, the model requires only the input tensors, and returns the post-processed
predictions as a List[Dict[Tensor]], one for each input image. The fields of the Dict are as
follows:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the predicted boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (Int64Tensor[N]): the predicted labels for each image
- scores (Tensor[N]): the scores or each prediction
- masks (UInt8Tensor[N, 1, H, W]): the predicted masks for each instance, in 0-1 range. In order to
obtain the final segmentation masks, the soft masks can be thresholded, generally
with a value of 0.5 (mask >= 0.5)
Args:
backbone (nn.Module): the network used to compute the features for the model.
It should contain an out_channels attribute, which indicates the number of output
channels that each feature map has (and it should be the same for all feature maps).
The backbone should return a single Tensor or and OrderedDict[Tensor].
num_classes (int): number of output classes of the model (including the background).
If box_predictor is specified, num_classes should be None.
min_size (int): minimum size of the image to be rescaled before feeding it to the backbone
max_size (int): maximum size of the image to be rescaled before feeding it to the backbone
image_mean (Tuple[float, float, float]): mean values used for input normalization.
They are generally the mean values of the dataset on which the backbone has been trained
on
image_std (Tuple[float, float, float]): std values used for input normalization.
They are generally the std values of the dataset on which the backbone has been trained on
rpn_anchor_generator (AnchorGenerator): module that generates the anchors for a set of feature
maps.
rpn_head (nn.Module): module that computes the objectness and regression deltas from the RPN
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train (int): number of proposals to keep before applying NMS during training
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test (int): number of proposals to keep before applying NMS during testing
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train (int): number of proposals to keep after applying NMS during training
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test (int): number of proposals to keep after applying NMS during testing
rpn_nms_thresh (float): NMS threshold used for postprocessing the RPN proposals
rpn_fg_iou_thresh (float): minimum IoU between the anchor and the GT box so that they can be
considered as positive during training of the RPN.
rpn_bg_iou_thresh (float): maximum IoU between the anchor and the GT box so that they can be
considered as negative during training of the RPN.
rpn_batch_size_per_image (int): number of anchors that are sampled during training of the RPN
for computing the loss
rpn_positive_fraction (float): proportion of positive anchors in a mini-batch during training
of the RPN
rpn_score_thresh (float): only return proposals with an objectness score greater than rpn_score_thresh
box_roi_pool (MultiScaleRoIAlign): the module which crops and resizes the feature maps in
the locations indicated by the bounding boxes
box_head (nn.Module): module that takes the cropped feature maps as input
box_predictor (nn.Module): module that takes the output of box_head and returns the
classification logits and box regression deltas.
box_score_thresh (float): during inference, only return proposals with a classification score
greater than box_score_thresh
box_nms_thresh (float): NMS threshold for the prediction head. Used during inference
box_detections_per_img (int): maximum number of detections per image, for all classes.
box_fg_iou_thresh (float): minimum IoU between the proposals and the GT box so that they can be
considered as positive during training of the classification head
box_bg_iou_thresh (float): maximum IoU between the proposals and the GT box so that they can be
considered as negative during training of the classification head
box_batch_size_per_image (int): number of proposals that are sampled during training of the
classification head
box_positive_fraction (float): proportion of positive proposals in a mini-batch during training
of the classification head
bbox_reg_weights (Tuple[float, float, float, float]): weights for the encoding/decoding of the
bounding boxes
mask_roi_pool (MultiScaleRoIAlign): the module which crops and resizes the feature maps in
the locations indicated by the bounding boxes, which will be used for the mask head.
mask_head (nn.Module): module that takes the cropped feature maps as input
mask_predictor (nn.Module): module that takes the output of the mask_head and returns the
segmentation mask logits
Example::
>>> import torch
>>> import torchvision
>>> from torchvision.models.detection import MaskRCNN
>>> from torchvision.models.detection.anchor_utils import AnchorGenerator
>>>
>>> # load a pre-trained model for classification and return
>>> # only the features
>>> backbone = torchvision.models.mobilenet_v2(weights=MobileNet_V2_Weights.DEFAULT).features
>>> # MaskRCNN needs to know the number of
>>> # output channels in a backbone. For mobilenet_v2, it's 1280
>>> # so we need to add it here,
>>> backbone.out_channels = 1280
>>>
>>> # let's make the RPN generate 5 x 3 anchors per spatial
>>> # location, with 5 different sizes and 3 different aspect
>>> # ratios. We have a Tuple[Tuple[int]] because each feature
>>> # map could potentially have different sizes and
>>> # aspect ratios
>>> anchor_generator = AnchorGenerator(sizes=((32, 64, 128, 256, 512),),
>>> aspect_ratios=((0.5, 1.0, 2.0),))
>>>
>>> # let's define what are the feature maps that we will
>>> # use to perform the region of interest cropping, as well as
>>> # the size of the crop after rescaling.
>>> # if your backbone returns a Tensor, featmap_names is expected to
>>> # be ['0']. More generally, the backbone should return an
>>> # OrderedDict[Tensor], and in featmap_names you can choose which
>>> # feature maps to use.
>>> roi_pooler = torchvision.ops.MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=['0'],
>>> output_size=7,
>>> sampling_ratio=2)
>>>
>>> mask_roi_pooler = torchvision.ops.MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=['0'],
>>> output_size=14,
>>> sampling_ratio=2)
>>> # put the pieces together inside a MaskRCNN model
>>> model = MaskRCNN(backbone,
>>> num_classes=2,
>>> rpn_anchor_generator=anchor_generator,
>>> box_roi_pool=roi_pooler,
>>> mask_roi_pool=mask_roi_pooler)
>>> model.eval()
>>> x = [torch.rand(3, 300, 400), torch.rand(3, 500, 400)]
>>> predictions = model(x)
"""
def __init__(
self,
backbone,
num_classes=None,
# transform parameters
min_size=800,
max_size=1333,
image_mean=None,
image_std=None,
# RPN parameters
rpn_anchor_generator=None,
rpn_head=None,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train=2000,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test=1000,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train=2000,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test=1000,
rpn_nms_thresh=0.7,
rpn_fg_iou_thresh=0.7,
rpn_bg_iou_thresh=0.3,
rpn_batch_size_per_image=256,
rpn_positive_fraction=0.5,
rpn_score_thresh=0.0,
# Box parameters
box_roi_pool=None,
box_head=None,
box_predictor=None,
box_score_thresh=0.05,
box_nms_thresh=0.5,
box_detections_per_img=100,
box_fg_iou_thresh=0.5,
box_bg_iou_thresh=0.5,
box_batch_size_per_image=512,
box_positive_fraction=0.25,
bbox_reg_weights=None,
# Mask parameters
mask_roi_pool=None,
mask_head=None,
mask_predictor=None,
**kwargs,
):
if not isinstance(mask_roi_pool, (MultiScaleRoIAlign, type(None))):
raise TypeError(
f"mask_roi_pool should be of type MultiScaleRoIAlign or None instead of {type(mask_roi_pool)}"
)
if num_classes is not None:
if mask_predictor is not None:
raise ValueError("num_classes should be None when mask_predictor is specified")
out_channels = backbone.out_channels
if mask_roi_pool is None:
mask_roi_pool = MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=["0", "1", "2", "3"], output_size=14, sampling_ratio=2)
if mask_head is None:
mask_layers = (256, 256, 256, 256)
mask_dilation = 1
mask_head = MaskRCNNHeads(out_channels, mask_layers, mask_dilation)
if mask_predictor is None:
mask_predictor_in_channels = 256 # == mask_layers[-1]
mask_dim_reduced = 256
mask_predictor = MaskRCNNPredictor(mask_predictor_in_channels, mask_dim_reduced, num_classes)
super().__init__(
backbone,
num_classes,
# transform parameters
min_size,
max_size,
image_mean,
image_std,
# RPN-specific parameters
rpn_anchor_generator,
rpn_head,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test,
rpn_nms_thresh,
rpn_fg_iou_thresh,
rpn_bg_iou_thresh,
rpn_batch_size_per_image,
rpn_positive_fraction,
rpn_score_thresh,
# Box parameters
box_roi_pool,
box_head,
box_predictor,
box_score_thresh,
box_nms_thresh,
box_detections_per_img,
box_fg_iou_thresh,
box_bg_iou_thresh,
box_batch_size_per_image,
box_positive_fraction,
bbox_reg_weights,
**kwargs,
)
self.roi_heads.mask_roi_pool = mask_roi_pool
self.roi_heads.mask_head = mask_head
self.roi_heads.mask_predictor = mask_predictor
class MaskRCNNHeads(nn.Sequential):
_version = 2
def __init__(self, in_channels, layers, dilation, norm_layer: Optional[Callable[..., nn.Module]] = None):
"""
Args:
in_channels (int): number of input channels
layers (list): feature dimensions of each FCN layer
dilation (int): dilation rate of kernel
norm_layer (callable, optional): Module specifying the normalization layer to use. Default: None
"""
blocks = []
next_feature = in_channels
for layer_features in layers:
blocks.append(
misc_nn_ops.Conv2dNormActivation(
next_feature,
layer_features,
kernel_size=3,
stride=1,
padding=dilation,
dilation=dilation,
norm_layer=norm_layer,
)
)
next_feature = layer_features
super().__init__(*blocks)
for layer in self.modules():
if isinstance(layer, nn.Conv2d):
nn.init.kaiming_normal_(layer.weight, mode="fan_out", nonlinearity="relu")
if layer.bias is not None:
nn.init.zeros_(layer.bias)
def _load_from_state_dict(
self,
state_dict,
prefix,
local_metadata,
strict,
missing_keys,
unexpected_keys,
error_msgs,
):
version = local_metadata.get("version", None)
if version is None or version < 2:
num_blocks = len(self)
for i in range(num_blocks):
for type in ["weight", "bias"]:
old_key = f"{prefix}mask_fcn{i+1}.{type}"
new_key = f"{prefix}{i}.0.{type}"
if old_key in state_dict:
state_dict[new_key] = state_dict.pop(old_key)
super()._load_from_state_dict(
state_dict,
prefix,
local_metadata,
strict,
missing_keys,
unexpected_keys,
error_msgs,
)
class MaskRCNNPredictor(nn.Sequential):
def __init__(self, in_channels, dim_reduced, num_classes):
super().__init__(
OrderedDict(
[
("conv5_mask", nn.ConvTranspose2d(in_channels, dim_reduced, 2, 2, 0)),
("relu", nn.ReLU(inplace=True)),
("mask_fcn_logits", nn.Conv2d(dim_reduced, num_classes, 1, 1, 0)),
]
)
)
for name, param in self.named_parameters():
if "weight" in name:
nn.init.kaiming_normal_(param, mode="fan_out", nonlinearity="relu")
# elif "bias" in name:
# nn.init.constant_(param, 0)
_COMMON_META = {
"categories": _COCO_CATEGORIES,
"min_size": (1, 1),
}
[docs]class MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights(WeightsEnum):
COCO_V1 = Weights(
url="https://download.pytorch.org/models/maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn_coco-bf2d0c1e.pth",
transforms=ObjectDetection,
meta={
**_COMMON_META,
"num_params": 44401393,
"recipe": "https://github.com/pytorch/vision/tree/main/references/detection#mask-r-cnn",
"_metrics": {
"COCO-val2017": {
"box_map": 37.9,
"mask_map": 34.6,
}
},
"_ops": 134.38,
"_file_size": 169.84,
"_docs": """These weights were produced by following a similar training recipe as on the paper.""",
},
)
DEFAULT = COCO_V1
[docs]class MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights(WeightsEnum):
COCO_V1 = Weights(
url="https://download.pytorch.org/models/maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn_v2_coco-73cbd019.pth",
transforms=ObjectDetection,
meta={
**_COMMON_META,
"num_params": 46359409,
"recipe": "https://github.com/pytorch/vision/pull/5773",
"_metrics": {
"COCO-val2017": {
"box_map": 47.4,
"mask_map": 41.8,
}
},
"_ops": 333.577,
"_file_size": 177.219,
"_docs": """These weights were produced using an enhanced training recipe to boost the model accuracy.""",
},
)
DEFAULT = COCO_V1
[docs]@register_model()
@handle_legacy_interface(
weights=("pretrained", MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_V1),
weights_backbone=("pretrained_backbone", ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1),
)
def maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn(
*,
weights: Optional[MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights] = None,
progress: bool = True,
num_classes: Optional[int] = None,
weights_backbone: Optional[ResNet50_Weights] = ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1,
trainable_backbone_layers: Optional[int] = None,
**kwargs: Any,
) -> MaskRCNN:
"""Mask R-CNN model with a ResNet-50-FPN backbone from the `Mask R-CNN
<https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.06870>`_ paper.
.. betastatus:: detection module
The input to the model is expected to be a list of tensors, each of shape ``[C, H, W]``, one for each
image, and should be in ``0-1`` range. Different images can have different sizes.
The behavior of the model changes depending on if it is in training or evaluation mode.
During training, the model expects both the input tensors and targets (list of dictionary),
containing:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the ground-truth boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (``Int64Tensor[N]``): the class label for each ground-truth box
- masks (``UInt8Tensor[N, H, W]``): the segmentation binary masks for each instance
The model returns a ``Dict[Tensor]`` during training, containing the classification and regression
losses for both the RPN and the R-CNN, and the mask loss.
During inference, the model requires only the input tensors, and returns the post-processed
predictions as a ``List[Dict[Tensor]]``, one for each input image. The fields of the ``Dict`` are as
follows, where ``N`` is the number of detected instances:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the predicted boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (``Int64Tensor[N]``): the predicted labels for each instance
- scores (``Tensor[N]``): the scores or each instance
- masks (``UInt8Tensor[N, 1, H, W]``): the predicted masks for each instance, in ``0-1`` range. In order to
obtain the final segmentation masks, the soft masks can be thresholded, generally
with a value of 0.5 (``mask >= 0.5``)
For more details on the output and on how to plot the masks, you may refer to :ref:`instance_seg_output`.
Mask R-CNN is exportable to ONNX for a fixed batch size with inputs images of fixed size.
Example::
>>> model = torchvision.models.detection.maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn(weights=MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.DEFAULT)
>>> model.eval()
>>> x = [torch.rand(3, 300, 400), torch.rand(3, 500, 400)]
>>> predictions = model(x)
>>>
>>> # optionally, if you want to export the model to ONNX:
>>> torch.onnx.export(model, x, "mask_rcnn.onnx", opset_version = 11)
Args:
weights (:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights to use. See
:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights` below for
more details, and possible values. By default, no pre-trained
weights are used.
progress (bool, optional): If True, displays a progress bar of the
download to stderr. Default is True.
num_classes (int, optional): number of output classes of the model (including the background)
weights_backbone (:class:`~torchvision.models.ResNet50_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights for the backbone.
trainable_backbone_layers (int, optional): number of trainable (not frozen) layers starting from
final block. Valid values are between 0 and 5, with 5 meaning all backbone layers are
trainable. If ``None`` is passed (the default) this value is set to 3.
**kwargs: parameters passed to the ``torchvision.models.detection.mask_rcnn.MaskRCNN``
base class. Please refer to the `source code
<https://github.com/pytorch/vision/blob/main/torchvision/models/detection/mask_rcnn.py>`_
for more details about this class.
.. autoclass:: torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights
:members:
"""
weights = MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.verify(weights)
weights_backbone = ResNet50_Weights.verify(weights_backbone)
if weights is not None:
weights_backbone = None
num_classes = _ovewrite_value_param("num_classes", num_classes, len(weights.meta["categories"]))
elif num_classes is None:
num_classes = 91
is_trained = weights is not None or weights_backbone is not None
trainable_backbone_layers = _validate_trainable_layers(is_trained, trainable_backbone_layers, 5, 3)
norm_layer = misc_nn_ops.FrozenBatchNorm2d if is_trained else nn.BatchNorm2d
backbone = resnet50(weights=weights_backbone, progress=progress, norm_layer=norm_layer)
backbone = _resnet_fpn_extractor(backbone, trainable_backbone_layers)
model = MaskRCNN(backbone, num_classes=num_classes, **kwargs)
if weights is not None:
model.load_state_dict(weights.get_state_dict(progress=progress, check_hash=True))
if weights == MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_V1:
overwrite_eps(model, 0.0)
return model
[docs]@register_model()
@handle_legacy_interface(
weights=("pretrained", MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights.COCO_V1),
weights_backbone=("pretrained_backbone", ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1),
)
def maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn_v2(
*,
weights: Optional[MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights] = None,
progress: bool = True,
num_classes: Optional[int] = None,
weights_backbone: Optional[ResNet50_Weights] = None,
trainable_backbone_layers: Optional[int] = None,
**kwargs: Any,
) -> MaskRCNN:
"""Improved Mask R-CNN model with a ResNet-50-FPN backbone from the `Benchmarking Detection Transfer
Learning with Vision Transformers <https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.11429>`_ paper.
.. betastatus:: detection module
:func:`~torchvision.models.detection.maskrcnn_resnet50_fpn` for more details.
Args:
weights (:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights to use. See
:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights` below for
more details, and possible values. By default, no pre-trained
weights are used.
progress (bool, optional): If True, displays a progress bar of the
download to stderr. Default is True.
num_classes (int, optional): number of output classes of the model (including the background)
weights_backbone (:class:`~torchvision.models.ResNet50_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights for the backbone.
trainable_backbone_layers (int, optional): number of trainable (not frozen) layers starting from
final block. Valid values are between 0 and 5, with 5 meaning all backbone layers are
trainable. If ``None`` is passed (the default) this value is set to 3.
**kwargs: parameters passed to the ``torchvision.models.detection.mask_rcnn.MaskRCNN``
base class. Please refer to the `source code
<https://github.com/pytorch/vision/blob/main/torchvision/models/detection/mask_rcnn.py>`_
for more details about this class.
.. autoclass:: torchvision.models.detection.MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights
:members:
"""
weights = MaskRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_V2_Weights.verify(weights)
weights_backbone = ResNet50_Weights.verify(weights_backbone)
if weights is not None:
weights_backbone = None
num_classes = _ovewrite_value_param("num_classes", num_classes, len(weights.meta["categories"]))
elif num_classes is None:
num_classes = 91
is_trained = weights is not None or weights_backbone is not None
trainable_backbone_layers = _validate_trainable_layers(is_trained, trainable_backbone_layers, 5, 3)
backbone = resnet50(weights=weights_backbone, progress=progress)
backbone = _resnet_fpn_extractor(backbone, trainable_backbone_layers, norm_layer=nn.BatchNorm2d)
rpn_anchor_generator = _default_anchorgen()
rpn_head = RPNHead(backbone.out_channels, rpn_anchor_generator.num_anchors_per_location()[0], conv_depth=2)
box_head = FastRCNNConvFCHead(
(backbone.out_channels, 7, 7), [256, 256, 256, 256], [1024], norm_layer=nn.BatchNorm2d
)
mask_head = MaskRCNNHeads(backbone.out_channels, [256, 256, 256, 256], 1, norm_layer=nn.BatchNorm2d)
model = MaskRCNN(
backbone,
num_classes=num_classes,
rpn_anchor_generator=rpn_anchor_generator,
rpn_head=rpn_head,
box_head=box_head,
mask_head=mask_head,
**kwargs,
)
if weights is not None:
model.load_state_dict(weights.get_state_dict(progress=progress, check_hash=True))
return model
```