Source code for torchvision.models._api

import fnmatch
import importlib
import inspect
import sys
from dataclasses import dataclass
from enum import Enum
from functools import partial
from inspect import signature
from types import ModuleType
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Mapping, Optional, Set, Type, TypeVar, Union

from torch import nn

from .._internally_replaced_utils import load_state_dict_from_url

__all__ = ["WeightsEnum", "Weights", "get_model", "get_model_builder", "get_model_weights", "get_weight", "list_models"]

class Weights:
    This class is used to group important attributes associated with the pre-trained weights.

        url (str): The location where we find the weights.
        transforms (Callable): A callable that constructs the preprocessing method (or validation preset transforms)
            needed to use the model. The reason we attach a constructor method rather than an already constructed
            object is because the specific object might have memory and thus we want to delay initialization until
        meta (Dict[str, Any]): Stores meta-data related to the weights of the model and its configuration. These can be
            informative attributes (for example the number of parameters/flops, recipe link/methods used in training
            etc), configuration parameters (for example the `num_classes`) needed to construct the model or important
            meta-data (for example the `classes` of a classification model) needed to use the model.

    url: str
    transforms: Callable
    meta: Dict[str, Any]

    def __eq__(self, other: Any) -> bool:
        # We need this custom implementation for correct deep-copy and deserialization behavior.
        # TL;DR: After the definition of an enum, creating a new instance, i.e. by deep-copying or deserializing it,
        # involves an equality check against the defined members. Unfortunately, the `transforms` attribute is often
        # defined with `functools.partial` and `fn = partial(...); assert deepcopy(fn) != fn`. Without custom handling
        # for it, the check against the defined members would fail and effectively prevent the weights from being
        # deep-copied or deserialized.
        # See for details.
        if not isinstance(other, Weights):
            return NotImplemented

        if self.url != other.url:
            return False

        if self.meta != other.meta:
            return False

        if isinstance(self.transforms, partial) and isinstance(other.transforms, partial):
            return (
                self.transforms.func == other.transforms.func
                and self.transforms.args == other.transforms.args
                and self.transforms.keywords == other.transforms.keywords
            return self.transforms == other.transforms

class WeightsEnum(Enum):
    This class is the parent class of all model weights. Each model building method receives an optional `weights`
    parameter with its associated pre-trained weights. It inherits from `Enum` and its values should be of type

        value (Weights): The data class entry with the weight information.

    def verify(cls, obj: Any) -> Any:
        if obj is not None:
            if type(obj) is str:
                obj = cls[obj.replace(cls.__name__ + ".", "")]
            elif not isinstance(obj, cls):
                raise TypeError(
                    f"Invalid Weight class provided; expected {cls.__name__} but received {obj.__class__.__name__}."
        return obj

    def get_state_dict(self, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
        return load_state_dict_from_url(self.url, *args, **kwargs)

    def __repr__(self) -> str:
        return f"{self.__class__.__name__}.{self._name_}"

    def url(self):
        return self.value.url

    def transforms(self):
        return self.value.transforms

    def meta(self):
        return self.value.meta

[docs]def get_weight(name: str) -> WeightsEnum: """ Gets the weights enum value by its full name. Example: "ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1" Args: name (str): The name of the weight enum entry. Returns: WeightsEnum: The requested weight enum. """ try: enum_name, value_name = name.split(".") except ValueError: raise ValueError(f"Invalid weight name provided: '{name}'.") base_module_name = ".".join(sys.modules[__name__].__name__.split(".")[:-1]) base_module = importlib.import_module(base_module_name) model_modules = [base_module] + [ x[1] for x in inspect.getmembers(base_module, inspect.ismodule) if x[1].__file__.endswith("") # type: ignore[union-attr] ] weights_enum = None for m in model_modules: potential_class = m.__dict__.get(enum_name, None) if potential_class is not None and issubclass(potential_class, WeightsEnum): weights_enum = potential_class break if weights_enum is None: raise ValueError(f"The weight enum '{enum_name}' for the specific method couldn't be retrieved.") return weights_enum[value_name]
[docs]def get_model_weights(name: Union[Callable, str]) -> Type[WeightsEnum]: """ Returns the weights enum class associated to the given model. Args: name (callable or str): The model builder function or the name under which it is registered. Returns: weights_enum (WeightsEnum): The weights enum class associated with the model. """ model = get_model_builder(name) if isinstance(name, str) else name return _get_enum_from_fn(model)
def _get_enum_from_fn(fn: Callable) -> Type[WeightsEnum]: """ Internal method that gets the weight enum of a specific model builder method. Args: fn (Callable): The builder method used to create the model. Returns: WeightsEnum: The requested weight enum. """ sig = signature(fn) if "weights" not in sig.parameters: raise ValueError("The method is missing the 'weights' argument.") ann = signature(fn).parameters["weights"].annotation weights_enum = None if isinstance(ann, type) and issubclass(ann, WeightsEnum): weights_enum = ann else: # handle cases like Union[Optional, T] # TODO: Replace ann.__args__ with typing.get_args(ann) after python >= 3.8 for t in ann.__args__: # type: ignore[union-attr] if isinstance(t, type) and issubclass(t, WeightsEnum): weights_enum = t break if weights_enum is None: raise ValueError( "The WeightsEnum class for the specific method couldn't be retrieved. Make sure the typing info is correct." ) return weights_enum M = TypeVar("M", bound=nn.Module) BUILTIN_MODELS = {} def register_model(name: Optional[str] = None) -> Callable[[Callable[..., M]], Callable[..., M]]: def wrapper(fn: Callable[..., M]) -> Callable[..., M]: key = name if name is not None else fn.__name__ if key in BUILTIN_MODELS: raise ValueError(f"An entry is already registered under the name '{key}'.") BUILTIN_MODELS[key] = fn return fn return wrapper
[docs]def list_models( module: Optional[ModuleType] = None, include: Union[Iterable[str], str, None] = None, exclude: Union[Iterable[str], str, None] = None, ) -> List[str]: """ Returns a list with the names of registered models. Args: module (ModuleType, optional): The module from which we want to extract the available models. include (str or Iterable[str], optional): Filter(s) for including the models from the set of all models. Filters are passed to `fnmatch <>`__ to match Unix shell-style wildcards. In case of many filters, the results is the union of individual filters. exclude (str or Iterable[str], optional): Filter(s) applied after include_filters to remove models. Filter are passed to `fnmatch <>`__ to match Unix shell-style wildcards. In case of many filters, the results is removal of all the models that match any individual filter. Returns: models (list): A list with the names of available models. """ all_models = { k for k, v in BUILTIN_MODELS.items() if module is None or v.__module__.rsplit(".", 1)[0] == module.__name__ } if include: models: Set[str] = set() if isinstance(include, str): include = [include] for include_filter in include: models = models | set(fnmatch.filter(all_models, include_filter)) else: models = all_models if exclude: if isinstance(exclude, str): exclude = [exclude] for exclude_filter in exclude: models = models - set(fnmatch.filter(all_models, exclude_filter)) return sorted(models)
def get_model_builder(name: str) -> Callable[..., nn.Module]: """ Gets the model name and returns the model builder method. Args: name (str): The name under which the model is registered. Returns: fn (Callable): The model builder method. """ name = name.lower() try: fn = BUILTIN_MODELS[name] except KeyError: raise ValueError(f"Unknown model {name}") return fn
[docs]def get_model(name: str, **config: Any) -> nn.Module: """ Gets the model name and configuration and returns an instantiated model. Args: name (str): The name under which the model is registered. **config (Any): parameters passed to the model builder method. Returns: model (nn.Module): The initialized model. """ fn = get_model_builder(name) return fn(**config)


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