Source code for torchvision.transforms.v2._misc

import warnings
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, List, Optional, Sequence, Type, Union

import PIL.Image

import torch
from torch.utils._pytree import tree_flatten, tree_unflatten

from torchvision import transforms as _transforms, tv_tensors
from torchvision.transforms.v2 import functional as F, Transform

from ._utils import _parse_labels_getter, _setup_number_or_seq, _setup_size, get_bounding_boxes, has_any, is_pure_tensor

# TODO: do we want/need to expose this?
class Identity(Transform):
    def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any:
        return inpt

[docs]class Lambda(Transform): """Apply a user-defined function as a transform. This transform does not support torchscript. Args: lambd (function): Lambda/function to be used for transform. """ _transformed_types = (object,) def __init__(self, lambd: Callable[[Any], Any], *types: Type): super().__init__() self.lambd = lambd self.types = types or self._transformed_types def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: if isinstance(inpt, self.types): return self.lambd(inpt) else: return inpt
[docs] def extra_repr(self) -> str: extras = [] name = getattr(self.lambd, "__name__", None) if name: extras.append(name) extras.append(f"types={[type.__name__ for type in self.types]}") return ", ".join(extras)
[docs]class LinearTransformation(Transform): """Transform a tensor image or video with a square transformation matrix and a mean_vector computed offline. This transform does not support PIL Image. Given transformation_matrix and mean_vector, will flatten the torch.*Tensor and subtract mean_vector from it which is then followed by computing the dot product with the transformation matrix and then reshaping the tensor to its original shape. Applications: whitening transformation: Suppose X is a column vector zero-centered data. Then compute the data covariance matrix [D x D] with, X), perform SVD on this matrix and pass it as transformation_matrix. Args: transformation_matrix (Tensor): tensor [D x D], D = C x H x W mean_vector (Tensor): tensor [D], D = C x H x W """ _v1_transform_cls = _transforms.LinearTransformation _transformed_types = (is_pure_tensor, tv_tensors.Image, tv_tensors.Video) def __init__(self, transformation_matrix: torch.Tensor, mean_vector: torch.Tensor): super().__init__() if transformation_matrix.size(0) != transformation_matrix.size(1): raise ValueError( "transformation_matrix should be square. Got " f"{tuple(transformation_matrix.size())} rectangular matrix." ) if mean_vector.size(0) != transformation_matrix.size(0): raise ValueError( f"mean_vector should have the same length {mean_vector.size(0)}" f" as any one of the dimensions of the transformation_matrix [{tuple(transformation_matrix.size())}]" ) if transformation_matrix.device != mean_vector.device: raise ValueError( f"Input tensors should be on the same device. Got {transformation_matrix.device} and {mean_vector.device}" ) if transformation_matrix.dtype != mean_vector.dtype: raise ValueError( f"Input tensors should have the same dtype. Got {transformation_matrix.dtype} and {mean_vector.dtype}" ) self.transformation_matrix = transformation_matrix self.mean_vector = mean_vector def _check_inputs(self, sample: Any) -> Any: if has_any(sample, PIL.Image.Image): raise TypeError(f"{type(self).__name__}() does not support PIL images.") def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: shape = inpt.shape n = shape[-3] * shape[-2] * shape[-1] if n != self.transformation_matrix.shape[0]: raise ValueError( "Input tensor and transformation matrix have incompatible shape." + f"[{shape[-3]} x {shape[-2]} x {shape[-1]}] != " + f"{self.transformation_matrix.shape[0]}" ) if inpt.device.type != self.mean_vector.device.type: raise ValueError( "Input tensor should be on the same device as transformation matrix and mean vector. " f"Got {inpt.device} vs {self.mean_vector.device}" ) flat_inpt = inpt.reshape(-1, n) - self.mean_vector transformation_matrix = output =, transformation_matrix) output = output.reshape(shape) if isinstance(inpt, (tv_tensors.Image, tv_tensors.Video)): output = tv_tensors.wrap(output, like=inpt) return output
[docs]class Normalize(Transform): """Normalize a tensor image or video with mean and standard deviation. This transform does not support PIL Image. Given mean: ``(mean[1],...,mean[n])`` and std: ``(std[1],..,std[n])`` for ``n`` channels, this transform will normalize each channel of the input ``torch.*Tensor`` i.e., ``output[channel] = (input[channel] - mean[channel]) / std[channel]`` .. note:: This transform acts out of place, i.e., it does not mutate the input tensor. Args: mean (sequence): Sequence of means for each channel. std (sequence): Sequence of standard deviations for each channel. inplace(bool,optional): Bool to make this operation in-place. """ _v1_transform_cls = _transforms.Normalize def __init__(self, mean: Sequence[float], std: Sequence[float], inplace: bool = False): super().__init__() self.mean = list(mean) self.std = list(std) self.inplace = inplace def _check_inputs(self, sample: Any) -> Any: if has_any(sample, PIL.Image.Image): raise TypeError(f"{type(self).__name__}() does not support PIL images.") def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: return self._call_kernel(F.normalize, inpt, mean=self.mean, std=self.std, inplace=self.inplace)
[docs]class GaussianBlur(Transform): """Blurs image with randomly chosen Gaussian blur kernel. The convolution will be using reflection padding corresponding to the kernel size, to maintain the input shape. If the input is a Tensor, it is expected to have [..., C, H, W] shape, where ... means an arbitrary number of leading dimensions. Args: kernel_size (int or sequence): Size of the Gaussian kernel. sigma (float or tuple of float (min, max)): Standard deviation to be used for creating kernel to perform blurring. If float, sigma is fixed. If it is tuple of float (min, max), sigma is chosen uniformly at random to lie in the given range. """ _v1_transform_cls = _transforms.GaussianBlur def __init__( self, kernel_size: Union[int, Sequence[int]], sigma: Union[int, float, Sequence[float]] = (0.1, 2.0) ) -> None: super().__init__() self.kernel_size = _setup_size(kernel_size, "Kernel size should be a tuple/list of two integers") for ks in self.kernel_size: if ks <= 0 or ks % 2 == 0: raise ValueError("Kernel size value should be an odd and positive number.") self.sigma = _setup_number_or_seq(sigma, "sigma") if not 0.0 < self.sigma[0] <= self.sigma[1]: raise ValueError(f"sigma values should be positive and of the form (min, max). Got {self.sigma}") def _get_params(self, flat_inputs: List[Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: sigma = torch.empty(1).uniform_(self.sigma[0], self.sigma[1]).item() return dict(sigma=[sigma, sigma]) def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: return self._call_kernel(F.gaussian_blur, inpt, self.kernel_size, **params)
[docs]class ToDtype(Transform): """Converts the input to a specific dtype, optionally scaling the values for images or videos. .. note:: ``ToDtype(dtype, scale=True)`` is the recommended replacement for ``ConvertImageDtype(dtype)``. Args: dtype (``torch.dtype`` or dict of ``TVTensor`` -> ``torch.dtype``): The dtype to convert to. If a ``torch.dtype`` is passed, e.g. ``torch.float32``, only images and videos will be converted to that dtype: this is for compatibility with :class:`~torchvision.transforms.v2.ConvertImageDtype`. A dict can be passed to specify per-tv_tensor conversions, e.g. ``dtype={tv_tensors.Image: torch.float32, tv_tensors.Mask: torch.int64, "others":None}``. The "others" key can be used as a catch-all for any other tv_tensor type, and ``None`` means no conversion. scale (bool, optional): Whether to scale the values for images or videos. See :ref:`range_and_dtype`. Default: ``False``. """ _transformed_types = (torch.Tensor,) def __init__( self, dtype: Union[torch.dtype, Dict[Union[Type, str], Optional[torch.dtype]]], scale: bool = False ) -> None: super().__init__() if not isinstance(dtype, (dict, torch.dtype)): raise ValueError(f"dtype must be a dict or a torch.dtype, got {type(dtype)} instead") if ( isinstance(dtype, dict) and torch.Tensor in dtype and any(cls in dtype for cls in [tv_tensors.Image, tv_tensors.Video]) ): warnings.warn( "Got `dtype` values for `torch.Tensor` and either `tv_tensors.Image` or `tv_tensors.Video`. " "Note that a plain `torch.Tensor` will *not* be transformed by this (or any other transformation) " "in case a `tv_tensors.Image` or `tv_tensors.Video` is present in the input." ) self.dtype = dtype self.scale = scale def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: if isinstance(self.dtype, torch.dtype): # For consistency / BC with ConvertImageDtype, we only care about images or videos when dtype # is a simple torch.dtype if not is_pure_tensor(inpt) and not isinstance(inpt, (tv_tensors.Image, tv_tensors.Video)): return inpt dtype: Optional[torch.dtype] = self.dtype elif type(inpt) in self.dtype: dtype = self.dtype[type(inpt)] elif "others" in self.dtype: dtype = self.dtype["others"] else: raise ValueError( f"No dtype was specified for type {type(inpt)}. " "If you only need to convert the dtype of images or videos, you can just pass e.g. dtype=torch.float32. " "If you're passing a dict as dtype, " 'you can use "others" as a catch-all key ' 'e.g. dtype={tv_tensors.Mask: torch.int64, "others": None} to pass-through the rest of the inputs.' ) supports_scaling = is_pure_tensor(inpt) or isinstance(inpt, (tv_tensors.Image, tv_tensors.Video)) if dtype is None: if self.scale and supports_scaling: warnings.warn( "scale was set to True but no dtype was specified for images or videos: no scaling will be done." ) return inpt return self._call_kernel(F.to_dtype, inpt, dtype=dtype, scale=self.scale)
[docs]class ConvertImageDtype(Transform): """[DEPRECATED] Use ``v2.ToDtype(dtype, scale=True)`` instead. Convert input image to the given ``dtype`` and scale the values accordingly. .. warning:: Consider using ``ToDtype(dtype, scale=True)`` instead. See :class:`~torchvision.transforms.v2.ToDtype`. This function does not support PIL Image. Args: dtype (torch.dtype): Desired data type of the output .. note:: When converting from a smaller to a larger integer ``dtype`` the maximum values are **not** mapped exactly. If converted back and forth, this mismatch has no effect. Raises: RuntimeError: When trying to cast :class:`torch.float32` to :class:`torch.int32` or :class:`torch.int64` as well as for trying to cast :class:`torch.float64` to :class:`torch.int64`. These conversions might lead to overflow errors since the floating point ``dtype`` cannot store consecutive integers over the whole range of the integer ``dtype``. """ _v1_transform_cls = _transforms.ConvertImageDtype def __init__(self, dtype: torch.dtype = torch.float32) -> None: super().__init__() self.dtype = dtype def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: return self._call_kernel(F.to_dtype, inpt, dtype=self.dtype, scale=True)
[docs]class SanitizeBoundingBoxes(Transform): """Remove degenerate/invalid bounding boxes and their corresponding labels and masks. This transform removes bounding boxes and their associated labels/masks that: - are below a given ``min_size``: by default this also removes degenerate boxes that have e.g. X2 <= X1. - have any coordinate outside of their corresponding image. You may want to call :class:`~torchvision.transforms.v2.ClampBoundingBoxes` first to avoid undesired removals. It can also sanitize other tensors like the "iscrowd" or "area" properties from COCO (see ``labels_getter`` parameter). It is recommended to call it at the end of a pipeline, before passing the input to the models. It is critical to call this transform if :class:`~torchvision.transforms.v2.RandomIoUCrop` was called. If you want to be extra careful, you may call it after all transforms that may modify bounding boxes but once at the end should be enough in most cases. Args: min_size (float, optional) The size below which bounding boxes are removed. Default is 1. labels_getter (callable or str or None, optional): indicates how to identify the labels in the input (or anything else that needs to be sanitized along with the bounding boxes). By default, this will try to find a "labels" key in the input (case-insensitive), if the input is a dict or it is a tuple whose second element is a dict. This heuristic should work well with a lot of datasets, including the built-in torchvision datasets. It can also be a callable that takes the same input as the transform, and returns either: - A single tensor (the labels) - A tuple/list of tensors, each of which will be subject to the same sanitization as the bounding boxes. This is useful to sanitize multiple tensors like the labels, and the "iscrowd" or "area" properties from COCO. If ``labels_getter`` is None then only bounding boxes are sanitized. """ def __init__( self, min_size: float = 1.0, labels_getter: Union[Callable[[Any], Any], str, None] = "default", ) -> None: super().__init__() if min_size < 1: raise ValueError(f"min_size must be >= 1, got {min_size}.") self.min_size = min_size self.labels_getter = labels_getter self._labels_getter = _parse_labels_getter(labels_getter)
[docs] def forward(self, *inputs: Any) -> Any: inputs = inputs if len(inputs) > 1 else inputs[0] labels = self._labels_getter(inputs) if labels is not None: msg = "The labels in the input to forward() must be a tensor or None, got {type} instead." if isinstance(labels, torch.Tensor): labels = (labels,) elif isinstance(labels, (tuple, list)): for entry in labels: if not isinstance(entry, torch.Tensor): # TODO: we don't need to enforce tensors, just that entries are indexable as t[bool_mask] raise ValueError(msg.format(type=type(entry))) else: raise ValueError(msg.format(type=type(labels))) flat_inputs, spec = tree_flatten(inputs) boxes = get_bounding_boxes(flat_inputs) if labels is not None: for label in labels: if boxes.shape[0] != label.shape[0]: raise ValueError( f"Number of boxes (shape={boxes.shape}) and must match the number of labels." f"Found labels with shape={label.shape})." ) valid = F._misc._get_sanitize_bounding_boxes_mask( boxes, format=boxes.format, canvas_size=boxes.canvas_size, min_size=self.min_size, ) params = dict(valid=valid, labels=labels) flat_outputs = [self._transform(inpt, params) for inpt in flat_inputs] return tree_unflatten(flat_outputs, spec)
def _transform(self, inpt: Any, params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Any: is_label = params["labels"] is not None and any(inpt is label for label in params["labels"]) is_bounding_boxes_or_mask = isinstance(inpt, (tv_tensors.BoundingBoxes, tv_tensors.Mask)) if not (is_label or is_bounding_boxes_or_mask): return inpt output = inpt[params["valid"]] if is_label: return output else: return tv_tensors.wrap(output, like=inpt)


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