torch.qr(input, some=True, *, out=None)

Computes the QR decomposition of a matrix or a batch of matrices input, and returns a namedtuple (Q, R) of tensors such that input=QR\text{input} = Q R with QQ being an orthogonal matrix or batch of orthogonal matrices and RR being an upper triangular matrix or batch of upper triangular matrices.

If some is True, then this function returns the thin (reduced) QR factorization. Otherwise, if some is False, this function returns the complete QR factorization.


torch.qr() is deprecated in favor of torch.linalg.qr() and will be removed in a future PyTorch release. The boolean parameter some has been replaced with a string parameter mode.

Q, R = torch.qr(A) should be replaced with

Q, R = torch.linalg.qr(A)

Q, R = torch.qr(A, some=False) should be replaced with

Q, R = torch.linalg.qr(A, mode="complete")


If you plan to backpropagate through QR, note that the current backward implementation is only well-defined when the first min(input.size(1),input.size(2))\min(input.size(-1), input.size(-2)) columns of input are linearly independent. This behavior will probably change once QR supports pivoting.


This function uses LAPACK for CPU inputs and MAGMA for CUDA inputs, and may produce different (valid) decompositions on different device types or different platforms.

  • input (Tensor) – the input tensor of size (,m,n)(*, m, n) where * is zero or more batch dimensions consisting of matrices of dimension m×nm \times n.

  • some (bool, optional) –

    Set to True for reduced QR decomposition and False for complete QR decomposition. If k = min(m, n) then:

    • some=True : returns (Q, R) with dimensions (m, k), (k, n) (default)

    • 'some=False': returns (Q, R) with dimensions (m, m), (m, n)

Keyword Arguments

out (tuple, optional) – tuple of Q and R tensors. The dimensions of Q and R are detailed in the description of some above.


>>> a = torch.tensor([[12., -51, 4], [6, 167, -68], [-4, 24, -41]])
>>> q, r = torch.qr(a)
>>> q
tensor([[-0.8571,  0.3943,  0.3314],
        [-0.4286, -0.9029, -0.0343],
        [ 0.2857, -0.1714,  0.9429]])
>>> r
tensor([[ -14.0000,  -21.0000,   14.0000],
        [   0.0000, -175.0000,   70.0000],
        [   0.0000,    0.0000,  -35.0000]])
>>>, r).round()
tensor([[  12.,  -51.,    4.],
        [   6.,  167.,  -68.],
        [  -4.,   24.,  -41.]])
>>>, q).round()
tensor([[ 1.,  0.,  0.],
        [ 0.,  1., -0.],
        [ 0., -0.,  1.]])
>>> a = torch.randn(3, 4, 5)
>>> q, r = torch.qr(a, some=False)
>>> torch.allclose(torch.matmul(q, r), a)
>>> torch.allclose(torch.matmul(q.mT, q), torch.eye(5))


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