torch.linalg.vector_norm(x, ord=2, dim=None, keepdim=False, *, dtype=None, out=None) Tensor

Computes a vector norm.

If x is complex valued, it computes the norm of x.abs()

Supports input of float, double, cfloat and cdouble dtypes.

This function does not necessarily treat multidimensional x as a batch of vectors, instead:

  • If dim= None, x will be flattened before the norm is computed.

  • If dim is an int or a tuple, the norm will be computed over these dimensions and the other dimensions will be treated as batch dimensions.

This behavior is for consistency with torch.linalg.norm().

ord defines the vector norm that is computed. The following norms are supported:


vector norm

2 (default)

2-norm (see below)






sum(x != 0)

other int or float

sum(abs(x)^{ord})^{(1 / ord)}

where inf refers to float(‘inf’), NumPy’s inf object, or any equivalent object.

dtype may be used to perform the computation in a more precise dtype. It is semantically equivalent to calling linalg.vector_norm( but it is faster in some cases.

See also

torch.linalg.matrix_norm() computes a matrix norm.

  • x (Tensor) – tensor, flattened by default, but this behavior can be controlled using dim.

  • ord (int, float, inf, -inf, 'fro', 'nuc', optional) – order of norm. Default: 2

  • dim (int, Tuple[int], optional) – dimensions over which to compute the norm. See above for the behavior when dim= None. Default: None

  • keepdim (bool, optional) – If set to True, the reduced dimensions are retained in the result as dimensions with size one. Default: False

Keyword Arguments
  • out (Tensor, optional) – output tensor. Ignored if None. Default: None.

  • dtype (torch.dtype, optional) – type used to perform the accumulation and the return. If specified, x is cast to dtype before performing the operation, and the returned tensor’s type will be dtype if real and of its real counterpart if complex. dtype may be complex if x is complex, otherwise it must be real. x should be convertible without narrowing to dtype. Default: None


A real-valued tensor, even when x is complex.


>>> from torch import linalg as LA
>>> a = torch.arange(9, dtype=torch.float) - 4
>>> a
tensor([-4., -3., -2., -1.,  0.,  1.,  2.,  3.,  4.])
>>> B = a.reshape((3, 3))
>>> B
tensor([[-4., -3., -2.],
        [-1.,  0.,  1.],
        [ 2.,  3.,  4.]])
>>> LA.vector_norm(a, ord=3.5)
>>> LA.vector_norm(B, ord=3.5)


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