Return a dictionary of CUDA memory allocator statistics for a given device.

The return value of this function is a dictionary of statistics, each of which is a non-negative integer.

Core statistics:

  • "allocated.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of allocation requests received by the memory allocator.

  • "allocated_bytes.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": amount of allocated memory.

  • "segment.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of reserved segments from cudaMalloc().

  • "reserved_bytes.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": amount of reserved memory.

  • "active.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of active memory blocks.

  • "active_bytes.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": amount of active memory.

  • "inactive_split.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of inactive, non-releasable memory blocks.

  • "inactive_split_bytes.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": amount of inactive, non-releasable memory.

For these core statistics, values are broken down as follows.

Pool type:

  • all: combined statistics across all memory pools.

  • large_pool: statistics for the large allocation pool (as of October 2019, for size >= 1MB allocations).

  • small_pool: statistics for the small allocation pool (as of October 2019, for size < 1MB allocations).

Metric type:

  • current: current value of this metric.

  • peak: maximum value of this metric.

  • allocated: historical total increase in this metric.

  • freed: historical total decrease in this metric.

In addition to the core statistics, we also provide some simple event counters:

  • "num_alloc_retries": number of failed cudaMalloc calls that result in a cache flush and retry.

  • "num_ooms": number of out-of-memory errors thrown.

The caching allocator can be configured via ENV to not split blocks larger than a defined size (see Memory Management section of the Cuda Semantics documentation). This helps avoid memory fragmentation but may have a performance penalty. Additional outputs to assist with tuning and evaluating impact:

  • "max_split_size": blocks above this size will not be split.

  • "oversize_allocations.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of over-size allocation requests received by the memory allocator.

  • "oversize_segments.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": number of over-size reserved segments from cudaMalloc().

The caching allocator can be configured via ENV to round memory allocations in order to reduce fragmentation. Sometimes the overhead from rounding can be higher than the fragmentation it helps reduce. The following stat can be used to check if rounding adds too much overhead:

  • "requested_bytes.{all,large_pool,small_pool}.{current,peak,allocated,freed}": memory requested by client code, compare this with allocated_bytes to check if allocation rounding adds too much overhead.


device (torch.device or int, optional) – selected device. Returns statistics for the current device, given by current_device(), if device is None (default).

Return type

Dict[str, Any]


See Memory management for more details about GPU memory management.


With backend:cudaMallocAsync, some stats are not meaningful, and are always reported as zero.


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