import torch model = torch.hub.load('pytorch/vision', 'densenet121', pretrained=True) # or any of these variants # model = torch.hub.load('pytorch/vision', 'densenet169', pretrained=True) # model = torch.hub.load('pytorch/vision', 'densenet201', pretrained=True) # model = torch.hub.load('pytorch/vision', 'densenet161', pretrained=True) model.eval()
All pre-trained models expect input images normalized in the same way,
i.e. mini-batches of 3-channel RGB images of shape
(3 x H x W), where
W are expected to be at least
The images have to be loaded in to a range of
[0, 1] and then normalized using
mean = [0.485, 0.456, 0.406]
std = [0.229, 0.224, 0.225].
Here’s a sample execution.
# Download an example image from the pytorch website import urllib url, filename = ("https://github.com/pytorch/hub/raw/master/dog.jpg", "dog.jpg") try: urllib.URLopener().retrieve(url, filename) except: urllib.request.urlretrieve(url, filename)
# sample execution (requires torchvision) from PIL import Image from torchvision import transforms input_image = Image.open(filename) preprocess = transforms.Compose([ transforms.Resize(256), transforms.CenterCrop(224), transforms.ToTensor(), transforms.Normalize(mean=[0.485, 0.456, 0.406], std=[0.229, 0.224, 0.225]), ]) input_tensor = preprocess(input_image) input_batch = input_tensor.unsqueeze(0) # create a mini-batch as expected by the model # move the input and model to GPU for speed if available if torch.cuda.is_available(): input_batch = input_batch.to('cuda') model.to('cuda') with torch.no_grad(): output = model(input_batch) # Tensor of shape 1000, with confidence scores over Imagenet's 1000 classes print(output) # The output has unnormalized scores. To get probabilities, you can run a softmax on it. print(torch.nn.functional.softmax(output, dim=0))
Dense Convolutional Network (DenseNet), connects each layer to every other layer in a feed-forward fashion. Whereas traditional convolutional networks with L layers have L connections - one between each layer and its subsequent layer - our network has L(L+1)/2 direct connections. For each layer, the feature-maps of all preceding layers are used as inputs, and its own feature-maps are used as inputs into all subsequent layers. DenseNets have several compelling advantages: they alleviate the vanishing-gradient problem, strengthen feature propagation, encourage feature reuse, and substantially reduce the number of parameters.
The 1-crop error rates on the imagenet dataset with the pretrained model are listed below.
|Model structure||Top-1 error||Top-5 error|