# Source code for torchvision.models.detection.keypoint_rcnn

```
from typing import Any, Optional
import torch
from torch import nn
from torchvision.ops import MultiScaleRoIAlign
from ...ops import misc as misc_nn_ops
from ...transforms._presets import ObjectDetection
from .._api import WeightsEnum, Weights
from .._meta import _COCO_PERSON_CATEGORIES, _COCO_PERSON_KEYPOINT_NAMES
from .._utils import handle_legacy_interface, _ovewrite_value_param
from ..resnet import ResNet50_Weights, resnet50
from ._utils import overwrite_eps
from .backbone_utils import _resnet_fpn_extractor, _validate_trainable_layers
from .faster_rcnn import FasterRCNN
__all__ = [
"KeypointRCNN",
"KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights",
"keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn",
]
class KeypointRCNN(FasterRCNN):
"""
Implements Keypoint R-CNN.
The input to the model is expected to be a list of tensors, each of shape [C, H, W], one for each
image, and should be in 0-1 range. Different images can have different sizes.
The behavior of the model changes depending if it is in training or evaluation mode.
During training, the model expects both the input tensors, as well as a targets (list of dictionary),
containing:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the ground-truth boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (Int64Tensor[N]): the class label for each ground-truth box
- keypoints (FloatTensor[N, K, 3]): the K keypoints location for each of the N instances, in the
format [x, y, visibility], where visibility=0 means that the keypoint is not visible.
The model returns a Dict[Tensor] during training, containing the classification and regression
losses for both the RPN and the R-CNN, and the keypoint loss.
During inference, the model requires only the input tensors, and returns the post-processed
predictions as a List[Dict[Tensor]], one for each input image. The fields of the Dict are as
follows:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the predicted boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (Int64Tensor[N]): the predicted labels for each image
- scores (Tensor[N]): the scores or each prediction
- keypoints (FloatTensor[N, K, 3]): the locations of the predicted keypoints, in [x, y, v] format.
Args:
backbone (nn.Module): the network used to compute the features for the model.
It should contain a out_channels attribute, which indicates the number of output
channels that each feature map has (and it should be the same for all feature maps).
The backbone should return a single Tensor or and OrderedDict[Tensor].
num_classes (int): number of output classes of the model (including the background).
If box_predictor is specified, num_classes should be None.
min_size (int): minimum size of the image to be rescaled before feeding it to the backbone
max_size (int): maximum size of the image to be rescaled before feeding it to the backbone
image_mean (Tuple[float, float, float]): mean values used for input normalization.
They are generally the mean values of the dataset on which the backbone has been trained
on
image_std (Tuple[float, float, float]): std values used for input normalization.
They are generally the std values of the dataset on which the backbone has been trained on
rpn_anchor_generator (AnchorGenerator): module that generates the anchors for a set of feature
maps.
rpn_head (nn.Module): module that computes the objectness and regression deltas from the RPN
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train (int): number of proposals to keep before applying NMS during training
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test (int): number of proposals to keep before applying NMS during testing
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train (int): number of proposals to keep after applying NMS during training
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test (int): number of proposals to keep after applying NMS during testing
rpn_nms_thresh (float): NMS threshold used for postprocessing the RPN proposals
rpn_fg_iou_thresh (float): minimum IoU between the anchor and the GT box so that they can be
considered as positive during training of the RPN.
rpn_bg_iou_thresh (float): maximum IoU between the anchor and the GT box so that they can be
considered as negative during training of the RPN.
rpn_batch_size_per_image (int): number of anchors that are sampled during training of the RPN
for computing the loss
rpn_positive_fraction (float): proportion of positive anchors in a mini-batch during training
of the RPN
rpn_score_thresh (float): during inference, only return proposals with a classification score
greater than rpn_score_thresh
box_roi_pool (MultiScaleRoIAlign): the module which crops and resizes the feature maps in
the locations indicated by the bounding boxes
box_head (nn.Module): module that takes the cropped feature maps as input
box_predictor (nn.Module): module that takes the output of box_head and returns the
classification logits and box regression deltas.
box_score_thresh (float): during inference, only return proposals with a classification score
greater than box_score_thresh
box_nms_thresh (float): NMS threshold for the prediction head. Used during inference
box_detections_per_img (int): maximum number of detections per image, for all classes.
box_fg_iou_thresh (float): minimum IoU between the proposals and the GT box so that they can be
considered as positive during training of the classification head
box_bg_iou_thresh (float): maximum IoU between the proposals and the GT box so that they can be
considered as negative during training of the classification head
box_batch_size_per_image (int): number of proposals that are sampled during training of the
classification head
box_positive_fraction (float): proportion of positive proposals in a mini-batch during training
of the classification head
bbox_reg_weights (Tuple[float, float, float, float]): weights for the encoding/decoding of the
bounding boxes
keypoint_roi_pool (MultiScaleRoIAlign): the module which crops and resizes the feature maps in
the locations indicated by the bounding boxes, which will be used for the keypoint head.
keypoint_head (nn.Module): module that takes the cropped feature maps as input
keypoint_predictor (nn.Module): module that takes the output of the keypoint_head and returns the
heatmap logits
Example::
>>> import torch
>>> import torchvision
>>> from torchvision.models.detection import KeypointRCNN
>>> from torchvision.models.detection.anchor_utils import AnchorGenerator
>>>
>>> # load a pre-trained model for classification and return
>>> # only the features
>>> backbone = torchvision.models.mobilenet_v2(weights=MobileNet_V2_Weights.DEFAULT).features
>>> # KeypointRCNN needs to know the number of
>>> # output channels in a backbone. For mobilenet_v2, it's 1280
>>> # so we need to add it here
>>> backbone.out_channels = 1280
>>>
>>> # let's make the RPN generate 5 x 3 anchors per spatial
>>> # location, with 5 different sizes and 3 different aspect
>>> # ratios. We have a Tuple[Tuple[int]] because each feature
>>> # map could potentially have different sizes and
>>> # aspect ratios
>>> anchor_generator = AnchorGenerator(sizes=((32, 64, 128, 256, 512),),
>>> aspect_ratios=((0.5, 1.0, 2.0),))
>>>
>>> # let's define what are the feature maps that we will
>>> # use to perform the region of interest cropping, as well as
>>> # the size of the crop after rescaling.
>>> # if your backbone returns a Tensor, featmap_names is expected to
>>> # be ['0']. More generally, the backbone should return an
>>> # OrderedDict[Tensor], and in featmap_names you can choose which
>>> # feature maps to use.
>>> roi_pooler = torchvision.ops.MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=['0'],
>>> output_size=7,
>>> sampling_ratio=2)
>>>
>>> keypoint_roi_pooler = torchvision.ops.MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=['0'],
>>> output_size=14,
>>> sampling_ratio=2)
>>> # put the pieces together inside a KeypointRCNN model
>>> model = KeypointRCNN(backbone,
>>> num_classes=2,
>>> rpn_anchor_generator=anchor_generator,
>>> box_roi_pool=roi_pooler,
>>> keypoint_roi_pool=keypoint_roi_pooler)
>>> model.eval()
>>> model.eval()
>>> x = [torch.rand(3, 300, 400), torch.rand(3, 500, 400)]
>>> predictions = model(x)
"""
def __init__(
self,
backbone,
num_classes=None,
# transform parameters
min_size=None,
max_size=1333,
image_mean=None,
image_std=None,
# RPN parameters
rpn_anchor_generator=None,
rpn_head=None,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train=2000,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test=1000,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train=2000,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test=1000,
rpn_nms_thresh=0.7,
rpn_fg_iou_thresh=0.7,
rpn_bg_iou_thresh=0.3,
rpn_batch_size_per_image=256,
rpn_positive_fraction=0.5,
rpn_score_thresh=0.0,
# Box parameters
box_roi_pool=None,
box_head=None,
box_predictor=None,
box_score_thresh=0.05,
box_nms_thresh=0.5,
box_detections_per_img=100,
box_fg_iou_thresh=0.5,
box_bg_iou_thresh=0.5,
box_batch_size_per_image=512,
box_positive_fraction=0.25,
bbox_reg_weights=None,
# keypoint parameters
keypoint_roi_pool=None,
keypoint_head=None,
keypoint_predictor=None,
num_keypoints=None,
**kwargs,
):
if not isinstance(keypoint_roi_pool, (MultiScaleRoIAlign, type(None))):
raise TypeError(
"keypoint_roi_pool should be of type MultiScaleRoIAlign or None instead of {type(keypoint_roi_pool)}"
)
if min_size is None:
min_size = (640, 672, 704, 736, 768, 800)
if num_keypoints is not None:
if keypoint_predictor is not None:
raise ValueError("num_keypoints should be None when keypoint_predictor is specified")
else:
num_keypoints = 17
out_channels = backbone.out_channels
if keypoint_roi_pool is None:
keypoint_roi_pool = MultiScaleRoIAlign(featmap_names=["0", "1", "2", "3"], output_size=14, sampling_ratio=2)
if keypoint_head is None:
keypoint_layers = tuple(512 for _ in range(8))
keypoint_head = KeypointRCNNHeads(out_channels, keypoint_layers)
if keypoint_predictor is None:
keypoint_dim_reduced = 512 # == keypoint_layers[-1]
keypoint_predictor = KeypointRCNNPredictor(keypoint_dim_reduced, num_keypoints)
super().__init__(
backbone,
num_classes,
# transform parameters
min_size,
max_size,
image_mean,
image_std,
# RPN-specific parameters
rpn_anchor_generator,
rpn_head,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_train,
rpn_pre_nms_top_n_test,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_train,
rpn_post_nms_top_n_test,
rpn_nms_thresh,
rpn_fg_iou_thresh,
rpn_bg_iou_thresh,
rpn_batch_size_per_image,
rpn_positive_fraction,
rpn_score_thresh,
# Box parameters
box_roi_pool,
box_head,
box_predictor,
box_score_thresh,
box_nms_thresh,
box_detections_per_img,
box_fg_iou_thresh,
box_bg_iou_thresh,
box_batch_size_per_image,
box_positive_fraction,
bbox_reg_weights,
**kwargs,
)
self.roi_heads.keypoint_roi_pool = keypoint_roi_pool
self.roi_heads.keypoint_head = keypoint_head
self.roi_heads.keypoint_predictor = keypoint_predictor
class KeypointRCNNHeads(nn.Sequential):
def __init__(self, in_channels, layers):
d = []
next_feature = in_channels
for out_channels in layers:
d.append(nn.Conv2d(next_feature, out_channels, 3, stride=1, padding=1))
d.append(nn.ReLU(inplace=True))
next_feature = out_channels
super().__init__(*d)
for m in self.children():
if isinstance(m, nn.Conv2d):
nn.init.kaiming_normal_(m.weight, mode="fan_out", nonlinearity="relu")
nn.init.constant_(m.bias, 0)
class KeypointRCNNPredictor(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, in_channels, num_keypoints):
super().__init__()
input_features = in_channels
deconv_kernel = 4
self.kps_score_lowres = nn.ConvTranspose2d(
input_features,
num_keypoints,
deconv_kernel,
stride=2,
padding=deconv_kernel // 2 - 1,
)
nn.init.kaiming_normal_(self.kps_score_lowres.weight, mode="fan_out", nonlinearity="relu")
nn.init.constant_(self.kps_score_lowres.bias, 0)
self.up_scale = 2
self.out_channels = num_keypoints
def forward(self, x):
x = self.kps_score_lowres(x)
return torch.nn.functional.interpolate(
x, scale_factor=float(self.up_scale), mode="bilinear", align_corners=False, recompute_scale_factor=False
)
_COMMON_META = {
"categories": _COCO_PERSON_CATEGORIES,
"keypoint_names": _COCO_PERSON_KEYPOINT_NAMES,
"min_size": (1, 1),
}
[docs]class KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights(WeightsEnum):
COCO_LEGACY = Weights(
url="https://download.pytorch.org/models/keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn_coco-9f466800.pth",
transforms=ObjectDetection,
meta={
**_COMMON_META,
"num_params": 59137258,
"recipe": "https://github.com/pytorch/vision/issues/1606",
"_metrics": {
"COCO-val2017": {
"box_map": 50.6,
"kp_map": 61.1,
}
},
"_docs": """
These weights were produced by following a similar training recipe as on the paper but use a checkpoint
from an early epoch.
""",
},
)
COCO_V1 = Weights(
url="https://download.pytorch.org/models/keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn_coco-fc266e95.pth",
transforms=ObjectDetection,
meta={
**_COMMON_META,
"num_params": 59137258,
"recipe": "https://github.com/pytorch/vision/tree/main/references/detection#keypoint-r-cnn",
"_metrics": {
"COCO-val2017": {
"box_map": 54.6,
"kp_map": 65.0,
}
},
"_docs": """These weights were produced by following a similar training recipe as on the paper.""",
},
)
DEFAULT = COCO_V1
[docs]@handle_legacy_interface(
weights=(
"pretrained",
lambda kwargs: KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_LEGACY
if kwargs["pretrained"] == "legacy"
else KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_V1,
),
weights_backbone=("pretrained_backbone", ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1),
)
def keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn(
*,
weights: Optional[KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights] = None,
progress: bool = True,
num_classes: Optional[int] = None,
num_keypoints: Optional[int] = None,
weights_backbone: Optional[ResNet50_Weights] = ResNet50_Weights.IMAGENET1K_V1,
trainable_backbone_layers: Optional[int] = None,
**kwargs: Any,
) -> KeypointRCNN:
"""
Constructs a Keypoint R-CNN model with a ResNet-50-FPN backbone.
.. betastatus:: detection module
Reference: `Mask R-CNN <https://arxiv.org/abs/1703.06870>`__.
The input to the model is expected to be a list of tensors, each of shape ``[C, H, W]``, one for each
image, and should be in ``0-1`` range. Different images can have different sizes.
The behavior of the model changes depending if it is in training or evaluation mode.
During training, the model expects both the input tensors, as well as a targets (list of dictionary),
containing:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the ground-truth boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (``Int64Tensor[N]``): the class label for each ground-truth box
- keypoints (``FloatTensor[N, K, 3]``): the ``K`` keypoints location for each of the ``N`` instances, in the
format ``[x, y, visibility]``, where ``visibility=0`` means that the keypoint is not visible.
The model returns a ``Dict[Tensor]`` during training, containing the classification and regression
losses for both the RPN and the R-CNN, and the keypoint loss.
During inference, the model requires only the input tensors, and returns the post-processed
predictions as a ``List[Dict[Tensor]]``, one for each input image. The fields of the ``Dict`` are as
follows, where ``N`` is the number of detected instances:
- boxes (``FloatTensor[N, 4]``): the predicted boxes in ``[x1, y1, x2, y2]`` format, with
``0 <= x1 < x2 <= W`` and ``0 <= y1 < y2 <= H``.
- labels (``Int64Tensor[N]``): the predicted labels for each instance
- scores (``Tensor[N]``): the scores or each instance
- keypoints (``FloatTensor[N, K, 3]``): the locations of the predicted keypoints, in ``[x, y, v]`` format.
For more details on the output, you may refer to :ref:`instance_seg_output`.
Keypoint R-CNN is exportable to ONNX for a fixed batch size with inputs images of fixed size.
Example::
>>> model = torchvision.models.detection.keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn(weights=KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.DEFAULT)
>>> model.eval()
>>> x = [torch.rand(3, 300, 400), torch.rand(3, 500, 400)]
>>> predictions = model(x)
>>>
>>> # optionally, if you want to export the model to ONNX:
>>> torch.onnx.export(model, x, "keypoint_rcnn.onnx", opset_version = 11)
Args:
weights (:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights to use. See
:class:`~torchvision.models.detection.KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights`
below for more details, and possible values. By default, no
pre-trained weights are used.
progress (bool): If True, displays a progress bar of the download to stderr
num_classes (int, optional): number of output classes of the model (including the background)
num_keypoints (int, optional): number of keypoints
weights_backbone (:class:`~torchvision.models.ResNet50_Weights`, optional): The
pretrained weights for the backbone.
trainable_backbone_layers (int, optional): number of trainable (not frozen) layers starting from final block.
Valid values are between 0 and 5, with 5 meaning all backbone layers are trainable. If ``None`` is
passed (the default) this value is set to 3.
.. autoclass:: torchvision.models.detection.KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights
:members:
"""
weights = KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.verify(weights)
weights_backbone = ResNet50_Weights.verify(weights_backbone)
if weights is not None:
weights_backbone = None
num_classes = _ovewrite_value_param(num_classes, len(weights.meta["categories"]))
num_keypoints = _ovewrite_value_param(num_keypoints, len(weights.meta["keypoint_names"]))
else:
if num_classes is None:
num_classes = 2
if num_keypoints is None:
num_keypoints = 17
is_trained = weights is not None or weights_backbone is not None
trainable_backbone_layers = _validate_trainable_layers(is_trained, trainable_backbone_layers, 5, 3)
norm_layer = misc_nn_ops.FrozenBatchNorm2d if is_trained else nn.BatchNorm2d
backbone = resnet50(weights=weights_backbone, progress=progress, norm_layer=norm_layer)
backbone = _resnet_fpn_extractor(backbone, trainable_backbone_layers)
model = KeypointRCNN(backbone, num_classes, num_keypoints=num_keypoints, **kwargs)
if weights is not None:
model.load_state_dict(weights.get_state_dict(progress=progress))
if weights == KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_V1:
overwrite_eps(model, 0.0)
return model
# The dictionary below is internal implementation detail and will be removed in v0.15
from .._utils import _ModelURLs
model_urls = _ModelURLs(
{
# legacy model for BC reasons, see https://github.com/pytorch/vision/issues/1606
"keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn_coco_legacy": KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_LEGACY.url,
"keypointrcnn_resnet50_fpn_coco": KeypointRCNN_ResNet50_FPN_Weights.COCO_V1.url,
}
)
```