Source code for

import numbers
from typing import Optional, Tuple
import warnings

import torch
from torch import Tensor

We will recreate all the RNN modules as we require the modules to be decomposed
into its building blocks to be able to observe.

__all__ = [

class LSTMCell(torch.nn.Module):
    r"""A quantizable long short-term memory (LSTM) cell.

    For the description and the argument types, please, refer to :class:`~torch.nn.LSTMCell`


        >>> import as nnqa
        >>> rnn = nnqa.LSTMCell(10, 20)
        >>> input = torch.randn(6, 10)
        >>> hx = torch.randn(3, 20)
        >>> cx = torch.randn(3, 20)
        >>> output = []
        >>> for i in range(6):
        ...     hx, cx = rnn(input[i], (hx, cx))
        ...     output.append(hx)
    _FLOAT_MODULE = torch.nn.LSTMCell

    def __init__(self, input_dim: int, hidden_dim: int, bias: bool = True,
                 device=None, dtype=None) -> None:
        factory_kwargs = {'device': device, 'dtype': dtype}
        self.input_size = input_dim
        self.hidden_size = hidden_dim
        self.bias = bias

        self.igates = torch.nn.Linear(input_dim, 4 * hidden_dim, bias=bias, **factory_kwargs)
        self.hgates = torch.nn.Linear(hidden_dim, 4 * hidden_dim, bias=bias, **factory_kwargs)
        self.gates =

        self.input_gate = torch.nn.Sigmoid()
        self.forget_gate = torch.nn.Sigmoid()
        self.cell_gate = torch.nn.Tanh()
        self.output_gate = torch.nn.Sigmoid()

        self.fgate_cx =
        self.igate_cgate =
        self.fgate_cx_igate_cgate =

        self.ogate_cy =

        self.initial_hidden_state_qparams: Tuple[float, int] = (1.0, 0)
        self.initial_cell_state_qparams: Tuple[float, int] = (1.0, 0)
        self.hidden_state_dtype: torch.dtype = torch.quint8
        self.cell_state_dtype: torch.dtype = torch.quint8

    def forward(self, x: Tensor, hidden: Optional[Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]] = None) -> Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]:
        if hidden is None or hidden[0] is None or hidden[1] is None:
            hidden = self.initialize_hidden(x.shape[0], x.is_quantized)
        hx, cx = hidden

        igates = self.igates(x)
        hgates = self.hgates(hx)
        gates = self.gates.add(igates, hgates)

        input_gate, forget_gate, cell_gate, out_gate = gates.chunk(4, 1)

        input_gate = self.input_gate(input_gate)
        forget_gate = self.forget_gate(forget_gate)
        cell_gate = self.cell_gate(cell_gate)
        out_gate = self.output_gate(out_gate)

        fgate_cx = self.fgate_cx.mul(forget_gate, cx)
        igate_cgate = self.igate_cgate.mul(input_gate, cell_gate)
        fgate_cx_igate_cgate = self.fgate_cx_igate_cgate.add(fgate_cx, igate_cgate)
        cy = fgate_cx_igate_cgate

        # TODO: make this tanh a member of the module so its qparams can be configured
        tanh_cy = torch.tanh(cy)
        hy = self.ogate_cy.mul(out_gate, tanh_cy)
        return hy, cy

    def initialize_hidden(self, batch_size: int, is_quantized: bool = False) -> Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]:
        h, c = torch.zeros((batch_size, self.hidden_size)), torch.zeros((batch_size, self.hidden_size))
        if is_quantized:
            (h_scale, h_zp) = self.initial_hidden_state_qparams
            (c_scale, c_zp) = self.initial_cell_state_qparams
            h = torch.quantize_per_tensor(h, scale=h_scale, zero_point=h_zp, dtype=self.hidden_state_dtype)
            c = torch.quantize_per_tensor(c, scale=c_scale, zero_point=c_zp, dtype=self.cell_state_dtype)
        return h, c

    def _get_name(self):
        return 'QuantizableLSTMCell'

    def from_params(cls, wi, wh, bi=None, bh=None):
        """Uses the weights and biases to create a new LSTM cell.

            wi, wh: Weights for the input and hidden layers
            bi, bh: Biases for the input and hidden layers
        assert (bi is None) == (bh is None)  # Either both None or both have values
        input_size = wi.shape[1]
        hidden_size = wh.shape[1]
        cell = cls(input_dim=input_size, hidden_dim=hidden_size,
                   bias=(bi is not None))
        cell.igates.weight = torch.nn.Parameter(wi)
        if bi is not None:
            cell.igates.bias = torch.nn.Parameter(bi)
        cell.hgates.weight = torch.nn.Parameter(wh)
        if bh is not None:
            cell.hgates.bias = torch.nn.Parameter(bh)
        return cell

    def from_float(cls, other):
        assert type(other) == cls._FLOAT_MODULE
        assert hasattr(other, 'qconfig'), "The float module must have 'qconfig'"
        observed = cls.from_params(other.weight_ih, other.weight_hh,
                                   other.bias_ih, other.bias_hh)
        observed.qconfig = other.qconfig
        observed.igates.qconfig = other.qconfig
        observed.hgates.qconfig = other.qconfig
        return observed

class _LSTMSingleLayer(torch.nn.Module):
    r"""A single one-directional LSTM layer.

    The difference between a layer and a cell is that the layer can process a
    sequence, while the cell only expects an instantaneous value.
    def __init__(self, input_dim: int, hidden_dim: int, bias: bool = True,
                 device=None, dtype=None) -> None:
        factory_kwargs = {'device': device, 'dtype': dtype}
        self.cell = LSTMCell(input_dim, hidden_dim, bias=bias, **factory_kwargs)

    def forward(self, x: Tensor, hidden: Optional[Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]] = None):
        result = []
        seq_len = x.shape[0]
        for i in range(seq_len):
            hidden = self.cell(x[i], hidden)
            result.append(hidden[0])  # type: ignore[index]
        result_tensor = torch.stack(result, 0)
        return result_tensor, hidden

    def from_params(cls, *args, **kwargs):
        cell = LSTMCell.from_params(*args, **kwargs)
        layer = cls(cell.input_size, cell.hidden_size, cell.bias)
        layer.cell = cell
        return layer

class _LSTMLayer(torch.nn.Module):
    r"""A single bi-directional LSTM layer."""
    def __init__(self, input_dim: int, hidden_dim: int, bias: bool = True,
                 batch_first: bool = False, bidirectional: bool = False,
                 device=None, dtype=None) -> None:
        factory_kwargs = {'device': device, 'dtype': dtype}
        self.batch_first = batch_first
        self.bidirectional = bidirectional
        self.layer_fw = _LSTMSingleLayer(input_dim, hidden_dim, bias=bias, **factory_kwargs)
        if self.bidirectional:
            self.layer_bw = _LSTMSingleLayer(input_dim, hidden_dim, bias=bias, **factory_kwargs)

    def forward(self, x: Tensor, hidden: Optional[Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]] = None):
        if self.batch_first:
            x = x.transpose(0, 1)
        if hidden is None:
            hx_fw, cx_fw = (None, None)
            hx_fw, cx_fw = hidden
        hidden_bw: Optional[Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]] = None
        if self.bidirectional:
            if hx_fw is None:
                hx_bw = None
                hx_bw = hx_fw[1]
                hx_fw = hx_fw[0]
            if cx_fw is None:
                cx_bw = None
                cx_bw = cx_fw[1]
                cx_fw = cx_fw[0]
            if hx_bw is not None and cx_bw is not None:
                hidden_bw = hx_bw, cx_bw
        if hx_fw is None and cx_fw is None:
            hidden_fw = None
            hidden_fw = torch.jit._unwrap_optional(hx_fw), torch.jit._unwrap_optional(cx_fw)
        result_fw, hidden_fw = self.layer_fw(x, hidden_fw)

        if hasattr(self, 'layer_bw') and self.bidirectional:
            x_reversed = x.flip(0)
            result_bw, hidden_bw = self.layer_bw(x_reversed, hidden_bw)
            result_bw = result_bw.flip(0)

            result =[result_fw, result_bw], result_fw.dim() - 1)
            if hidden_fw is None and hidden_bw is None:
                h = None
                c = None
            elif hidden_fw is None:
                (h, c) = torch.jit._unwrap_optional(hidden_bw)
            elif hidden_bw is None:
                (h, c) = torch.jit._unwrap_optional(hidden_fw)
                h = torch.stack([hidden_fw[0], hidden_bw[0]], 0)  # type: ignore[list-item]
                c = torch.stack([hidden_fw[1], hidden_bw[1]], 0)  # type: ignore[list-item]
            result = result_fw
            h, c = torch.jit._unwrap_optional(hidden_fw)  # type: ignore[assignment]

        if self.batch_first:
            result.transpose_(0, 1)

        return result, (h, c)

    def from_float(cls, other, layer_idx=0, qconfig=None, **kwargs):
        There is no FP equivalent of this class. This function is here just to
        mimic the behavior of the `prepare` within the ``
        assert hasattr(other, 'qconfig') or (qconfig is not None)

        input_size = kwargs.get('input_size', other.input_size)
        hidden_size = kwargs.get('hidden_size', other.hidden_size)
        bias = kwargs.get('bias', other.bias)
        batch_first = kwargs.get('batch_first', other.batch_first)
        bidirectional = kwargs.get('bidirectional', other.bidirectional)

        layer = cls(input_size, hidden_size, bias, batch_first, bidirectional)
        layer.qconfig = getattr(other, 'qconfig', qconfig)
        wi = getattr(other, f'weight_ih_l{layer_idx}')
        wh = getattr(other, f'weight_hh_l{layer_idx}')
        bi = getattr(other, f'bias_ih_l{layer_idx}', None)
        bh = getattr(other, f'bias_hh_l{layer_idx}', None)

        layer.layer_fw = _LSTMSingleLayer.from_params(wi, wh, bi, bh)

        if other.bidirectional:
            wi = getattr(other, f'weight_ih_l{layer_idx}_reverse')
            wh = getattr(other, f'weight_hh_l{layer_idx}_reverse')
            bi = getattr(other, f'bias_ih_l{layer_idx}_reverse', None)
            bh = getattr(other, f'bias_hh_l{layer_idx}_reverse', None)
            layer.layer_bw = _LSTMSingleLayer.from_params(wi, wh, bi, bh)
        return layer

[docs]class LSTM(torch.nn.Module): r"""A quantizable long short-term memory (LSTM). For the description and the argument types, please, refer to :class:`~torch.nn.LSTM` Attributes: layers : instances of the `_LSTMLayer` .. note:: To access the weights and biases, you need to access them per layer. See examples below. Examples:: >>> import as nnqa >>> rnn = nnqa.LSTM(10, 20, 2) >>> input = torch.randn(5, 3, 10) >>> h0 = torch.randn(2, 3, 20) >>> c0 = torch.randn(2, 3, 20) >>> output, (hn, cn) = rnn(input, (h0, c0)) >>> # To get the weights: >>> # xdoctest: +SKIP >>> print(rnn.layers[0].weight_ih) tensor([[...]]) >>> print(rnn.layers[0].weight_hh) AssertionError: There is no reverse path in the non-bidirectional layer """ _FLOAT_MODULE = torch.nn.LSTM def __init__(self, input_size: int, hidden_size: int, num_layers: int = 1, bias: bool = True, batch_first: bool = False, dropout: float = 0., bidirectional: bool = False, device=None, dtype=None) -> None: factory_kwargs = {'device': device, 'dtype': dtype} super().__init__() self.input_size = input_size self.hidden_size = hidden_size self.num_layers = num_layers self.bias = bias self.batch_first = batch_first self.dropout = float(dropout) self.bidirectional = bidirectional = False # We don't want to train using this module num_directions = 2 if bidirectional else 1 if not isinstance(dropout, numbers.Number) or not 0 <= dropout <= 1 or \ isinstance(dropout, bool): raise ValueError("dropout should be a number in range [0, 1] " "representing the probability of an element being " "zeroed") if dropout > 0: warnings.warn("dropout option for quantizable LSTM is ignored. " "If you are training, please, use nn.LSTM version " "followed by `prepare` step.") if num_layers == 1: warnings.warn("dropout option adds dropout after all but last " "recurrent layer, so non-zero dropout expects " f"num_layers greater than 1, but got dropout={dropout} " f"and num_layers={num_layers}") layers = [_LSTMLayer(self.input_size, self.hidden_size, self.bias, batch_first=False, bidirectional=self.bidirectional, **factory_kwargs)] for layer in range(1, num_layers): layers.append(_LSTMLayer(self.hidden_size, self.hidden_size, self.bias, batch_first=False, bidirectional=self.bidirectional, **factory_kwargs)) self.layers = torch.nn.ModuleList(layers) def forward(self, x: Tensor, hidden: Optional[Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]] = None): if self.batch_first: x = x.transpose(0, 1) max_batch_size = x.size(1) num_directions = 2 if self.bidirectional else 1 if hidden is None: zeros = torch.zeros(num_directions, max_batch_size, self.hidden_size, dtype=torch.float, device=x.device) zeros.squeeze_(0) if x.is_quantized: zeros = torch.quantize_per_tensor(zeros, scale=1.0, zero_point=0, dtype=x.dtype) hxcx = [(zeros, zeros) for _ in range(self.num_layers)] else: hidden_non_opt = torch.jit._unwrap_optional(hidden) if isinstance(hidden_non_opt[0], Tensor): hx = hidden_non_opt[0].reshape(self.num_layers, num_directions, max_batch_size, self.hidden_size) cx = hidden_non_opt[1].reshape(self.num_layers, num_directions, max_batch_size, self.hidden_size) hxcx = [(hx[idx].squeeze(0), cx[idx].squeeze(0)) for idx in range(self.num_layers)] else: hxcx = hidden_non_opt hx_list = [] cx_list = [] for idx, layer in enumerate(self.layers): x, (h, c) = layer(x, hxcx[idx]) hx_list.append(torch.jit._unwrap_optional(h)) cx_list.append(torch.jit._unwrap_optional(c)) hx_tensor = torch.stack(hx_list) cx_tensor = torch.stack(cx_list) # We are creating another dimension for bidirectional case # need to collapse it hx_tensor = hx_tensor.reshape(-1, hx_tensor.shape[-2], hx_tensor.shape[-1]) cx_tensor = cx_tensor.reshape(-1, cx_tensor.shape[-2], cx_tensor.shape[-1]) if self.batch_first: x = x.transpose(0, 1) return x, (hx_tensor, cx_tensor) def _get_name(self): return 'QuantizableLSTM' @classmethod def from_float(cls, other, qconfig=None): assert isinstance(other, cls._FLOAT_MODULE) assert (hasattr(other, 'qconfig') or qconfig) observed = cls(other.input_size, other.hidden_size, other.num_layers, other.bias, other.batch_first, other.dropout, other.bidirectional) observed.qconfig = getattr(other, 'qconfig', qconfig) for idx in range(other.num_layers): observed.layers[idx] = _LSTMLayer.from_float(other, idx, qconfig, batch_first=False) # TODO: Remove setting observed to eval to enable QAT. observed.eval() observed =, inplace=True) return observed @classmethod def from_observed(cls, other): # The whole flow is float -> observed -> quantized # This class does float -> observed only raise NotImplementedError("It looks like you are trying to convert a " "non-quantizable LSTM module. Please, see " "the examples on quantizable LSTMs.")


Access comprehensive developer documentation for PyTorch

View Docs


Get in-depth tutorials for beginners and advanced developers

View Tutorials


Find development resources and get your questions answered

View Resources