torch.nn.functional.interpolate(input, size=None, scale_factor=None, mode='nearest', align_corners=None, recompute_scale_factor=None)[source]

Down/up samples the input to either the given size or the given scale_factor

The algorithm used for interpolation is determined by mode.

Currently temporal, spatial and volumetric sampling are supported, i.e. expected inputs are 3-D, 4-D or 5-D in shape.

The input dimensions are interpreted in the form: mini-batch x channels x [optional depth] x [optional height] x width.

The modes available for resizing are: nearest, linear (3D-only), bilinear, bicubic (4D-only), trilinear (5D-only), area

  • input (Tensor) – the input tensor

  • size (int or Tuple[int] or Tuple[int, int] or Tuple[int, int, int]) – output spatial size.

  • scale_factor (float or Tuple[float]) – multiplier for spatial size. Has to match input size if it is a tuple.

  • mode (str) – algorithm used for upsampling: 'nearest' | 'linear' | 'bilinear' | 'bicubic' | 'trilinear' | 'area'. Default: 'nearest'

  • align_corners (bool, optional) – Geometrically, we consider the pixels of the input and output as squares rather than points. If set to True, the input and output tensors are aligned by the center points of their corner pixels, preserving the values at the corner pixels. If set to False, the input and output tensors are aligned by the corner points of their corner pixels, and the interpolation uses edge value padding for out-of-boundary values, making this operation independent of input size when scale_factor is kept the same. This only has an effect when mode is 'linear', 'bilinear', 'bicubic' or 'trilinear'. Default: False

  • recompute_scale_factor (bool, optional) – recompute the scale_factor for use in the interpolation calculation. When scale_factor is passed as a parameter, it is used to compute the output_size. If recompute_scale_factor is False or not specified, the passed-in scale_factor will be used in the interpolation computation. Otherwise, a new scale_factor will be computed based on the output and input sizes for use in the interpolation computation (i.e. the computation will be identical to if the computed output_size were passed-in explicitly). Note that when scale_factor is floating-point, the recomputed scale_factor may differ from the one passed in due to rounding and precision issues.


With mode='bicubic', it’s possible to cause overshoot, in other words it can produce negative values or values greater than 255 for images. Explicitly call result.clamp(min=0, max=255) if you want to reduce the overshoot when displaying the image.


With align_corners = True, the linearly interpolating modes (linear, bilinear, and trilinear) don’t proportionally align the output and input pixels, and thus the output values can depend on the input size. This was the default behavior for these modes up to version 0.3.1. Since then, the default behavior is align_corners = False. See Upsample for concrete examples on how this affects the outputs.


When scale_factor is specified, if recompute_scale_factor=True, scale_factor is used to compute the output_size which will then be used to infer new scales for the interpolation. The default behavior for recompute_scale_factor changed to False in 1.6.0, and scale_factor is used in the interpolation calculation.


This operation may produce nondeterministic gradients when given tensors on a CUDA device. See Reproducibility for more information.


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