Tensor.expand(*sizes) Tensor

Returns a new view of the self tensor with singleton dimensions expanded to a larger size.

Passing -1 as the size for a dimension means not changing the size of that dimension.

Tensor can be also expanded to a larger number of dimensions, and the new ones will be appended at the front. For the new dimensions, the size cannot be set to -1.

Expanding a tensor does not allocate new memory, but only creates a new view on the existing tensor where a dimension of size one is expanded to a larger size by setting the stride to 0. Any dimension of size 1 can be expanded to an arbitrary value without allocating new memory.


*sizes (torch.Size or int...) – the desired expanded size


More than one element of an expanded tensor may refer to a single memory location. As a result, in-place operations (especially ones that are vectorized) may result in incorrect behavior. If you need to write to the tensors, please clone them first.


>>> x = torch.tensor([[1], [2], [3]])
>>> x.size()
torch.Size([3, 1])
>>> x.expand(3, 4)
tensor([[ 1,  1,  1,  1],
        [ 2,  2,  2,  2],
        [ 3,  3,  3,  3]])
>>> x.expand(-1, 4)   # -1 means not changing the size of that dimension
tensor([[ 1,  1,  1,  1],
        [ 2,  2,  2,  2],
        [ 3,  3,  3,  3]])


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