A mixin for modules that lazily initialize parameters, also known as “lazy modules.”
Modules that lazily initialize parameters, or “lazy modules”, derive the shapes of their parameters from the first input(s) to their forward method. Until that first forward they contain
torch.nn.UninitializedParameters that should not be accessed or used, and afterward they contain regular
torch.nn.Parameters. Lazy modules are convenient since they don’t require computing some module arguments, like the
in_featuresargument of a typical
After construction, networks with lazy modules should first be converted to the desired dtype and placed on the expected device. This is because lazy modules only perform shape inference so the usual dtype and device placement behavior applies. The lazy modules should then perform “dry runs” to initialize all the components in the module. These “dry runs” send inputs of the correct size, dtype, and device through the network and to each one of its lazy modules. After this the network can be used as usual.
>>> class LazyMLP(torch.nn.Module): ... def __init__(self): ... super().__init__() ... self.fc1 = torch.nn.LazyLinear(10) ... self.relu1 = torch.nn.ReLU() ... self.fc2 = torch.nn.LazyLinear(1) ... self.relu2 = torch.nn.ReLU() ... ... def forward(self, input): ... x = self.relu1(self.fc1(input)) ... y = self.relu2(self.fc2(x)) ... return y >>> # constructs a network with lazy modules >>> lazy_mlp = LazyMLP() >>> # transforms the network's device and dtype >>> # NOTE: these transforms can and should be applied after construction and before any 'dry runs' >>> lazy_mlp = lazy_mlp.cuda().double() >>> lazy_mlp LazyMLP( (fc1): LazyLinear(in_features=0, out_features=10, bias=True) (relu1): ReLU() (fc2): LazyLinear(in_features=0, out_features=1, bias=True) (relu2): ReLU() ) >>> # performs a dry run to initialize the network's lazy modules >>> lazy_mlp(torch.ones(10,10).cuda()) >>> # after initialization, LazyLinear modules become regular Linear modules >>> lazy_mlp LazyMLP( (fc1): Linear(in_features=10, out_features=10, bias=True) (relu1): ReLU() (fc2): Linear(in_features=10, out_features=1, bias=True) (relu2): ReLU() ) >>> # attaches an optimizer, since parameters can now be used as usual >>> optim = torch.optim.SGD(mlp.parameters(), lr=0.01)
A final caveat when using lazy modules is that the order of initialization of a network’s parameters may change, since the lazy modules are always initialized after other modules. For example, if the LazyMLP class defined above had a
torch.nn.LazyLinearmodule first and then a regular
torch.nn.Linearsecond, the second module would be initialized on construction and the first module would be initialized during the first dry run. This can cause the parameters of a network using lazy modules to be initialized differently than the parameters of a network without lazy modules as the order of parameter initializations, which often depends on a stateful random number generator, is different. Check Reproducibility for more details.
Lazy modules can be serialized with a state dict like other modules. For example:
>>> lazy_mlp = LazyMLP() >>> # The state dict shows the uninitialized parameters >>> lazy_mlp.state_dict() OrderedDict([('fc1.weight', Uninitialized parameter), ('fc1.bias', tensor([-1.8832e+25, 4.5636e-41, -1.8832e+25, 4.5636e-41, -6.1598e-30, 4.5637e-41, -1.8788e+22, 4.5636e-41, -2.0042e-31, 4.5637e-41])), ('fc2.weight', Uninitialized parameter), ('fc2.bias', tensor([0.0019]))])
Lazy modules can load regular
torch.nn.Parameters (i.e. you can serialize/deserialize initialized LazyModules and they will remain initialized)
>>> full_mlp = LazyMLP() >>> # Dry run to initialize another module >>> full_mlp.forward(torch.ones(10, 1)) >>> # Load an initialized state into a lazy module >>> lazy_mlp.load_state_dict(full_mlp.state_dict()) >>> # The state dict now holds valid values >>> lazy_mlp.state_dict() OrderedDict([('fc1.weight', tensor([[-0.3837], [ 0.0907], [ 0.6708], [-0.5223], [-0.9028], [ 0.2851], [-0.4537], [ 0.6813], [ 0.5766], [-0.8678]])), ('fc1.bias', tensor([-1.8832e+25, 4.5636e-41, -1.8832e+25, 4.5636e-41, -6.1598e-30, 4.5637e-41, -1.8788e+22, 4.5636e-41, -2.0042e-31, 4.5637e-41])), ('fc2.weight', tensor([[ 0.1320, 0.2938, 0.0679, 0.2793, 0.1088, -0.1795, -0.2301, 0.2807, 0.2479, 0.1091]])), ('fc2.bias', tensor([0.0019]))])
Note, however, that the loaded parameters will not be replaced when doing a “dry run” if they are initialized when the state is loaded. This prevents using initialized modules in different contexts.