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torch.Tensor.scatter_¶

Tensor.scatter_(dim, index, src, reduce=None)Tensor

Writes all values from the tensor src into self at the indices specified in the index tensor. For each value in src, its output index is specified by its index in src for dimension != dim and by the corresponding value in index for dimension = dim.

For a 3-D tensor, self is updated as:

self[index[i][j][k]][j][k] = src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 0
self[i][index[i][j][k]][k] = src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 1
self[i][j][index[i][j][k]] = src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 2


This is the reverse operation of the manner described in gather().

self, index and src (if it is a Tensor) should all have the same number of dimensions. It is also required that index.size(d) <= src.size(d) for all dimensions d, and that index.size(d) <= self.size(d) for all dimensions d != dim. Note that index and src do not broadcast.

Moreover, as for gather(), the values of index must be between 0 and self.size(dim) - 1 inclusive.

Warning

When indices are not unique, the behavior is non-deterministic (one of the values from src will be picked arbitrarily) and the gradient will be incorrect (it will be propagated to all locations in the source that correspond to the same index)!

Note

The backward pass is implemented only for src.shape == index.shape.

Additionally accepts an optional reduce argument that allows specification of an optional reduction operation, which is applied to all values in the tensor src into self at the indicies specified in the index. For each value in src, the reduction operation is applied to an index in self which is specified by its index in src for dimension != dim and by the corresponding value in index for dimension = dim.

Given a 3-D tensor and reduction using the multiplication operation, self is updated as:

self[index[i][j][k]][j][k] *= src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 0
self[i][index[i][j][k]][k] *= src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 1
self[i][j][index[i][j][k]] *= src[i][j][k]  # if dim == 2


Reducing with the addition operation is the same as using scatter_add_().

Parameters
• dim (int) – the axis along which to index

• index (LongTensor) – the indices of elements to scatter, can be either empty or of the same dimensionality as src. When empty, the operation returns self unchanged.

• src (Tensor or float) – the source element(s) to scatter.

• reduce (str, optional) – reduction operation to apply, can be either 'add' or 'multiply'.

Example:

>>> src = torch.arange(1, 11).reshape((2, 5))
>>> src
tensor([[ 1,  2,  3,  4,  5],
[ 6,  7,  8,  9, 10]])
>>> index = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 2, 0]])
>>> torch.zeros(3, 5, dtype=src.dtype).scatter_(0, index, src)
tensor([[1, 0, 0, 4, 0],
[0, 2, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 3, 0, 0]])
>>> index = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 2], [0, 1, 4]])
>>> torch.zeros(3, 5, dtype=src.dtype).scatter_(1, index, src)
tensor([[1, 2, 3, 0, 0],
[6, 7, 0, 0, 8],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0]])

>>> torch.full((2, 4), 2.).scatter_(1, torch.tensor([[2], [3]]),
...            1.23, reduce='multiply')
tensor([[2.0000, 2.0000, 2.4600, 2.0000],
[2.0000, 2.0000, 2.0000, 2.4600]])
>>> torch.full((2, 4), 2.).scatter_(1, torch.tensor([[2], [3]]),
tensor([[2.0000, 2.0000, 3.2300, 2.0000],
[2.0000, 2.0000, 2.0000, 3.2300]])


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