ConfusionMatrix#
- class ignite.metrics.confusion_matrix.ConfusionMatrix(num_classes, average=None, output_transform=<function ConfusionMatrix.<lambda>>, device=device(type='cpu'))[source]#
Calculates confusion matrix for multi-class data.
update
must receive output of the form(y_pred, y)
.y_pred must contain logits and has the following shape (batch_size, num_classes, …). If you are doing binary classification, see Note for an example on how to get this.
y should have the following shape (batch_size, …) and contains ground-truth class indices with or without the background class. During the computation, argmax of y_pred is taken to determine predicted classes.
- Parameters
num_classes (int) – Number of classes, should be > 1. See notes for more details.
average (Optional[str]) – confusion matrix values averaging schema: None, “samples”, “recall”, “precision”. Default is None. If average=”samples” then confusion matrix values are normalized by the number of seen samples. If average=”recall” then confusion matrix values are normalized such that diagonal values represent class recalls. If average=”precision” then confusion matrix values are normalized such that diagonal values represent class precisions.
output_transform (Callable) – a callable that is used to transform the
Engine
’sprocess_function
’s output into the form expected by the metric. This can be useful if, for example, you have a multi-output model and you want to compute the metric with respect to one of the outputs.device (Union[str, device]) – specifies which device updates are accumulated on. Setting the metric’s device to be the same as your
update
arguments ensures theupdate
method is non-blocking. By default, CPU.
Note
The confusion matrix is formatted such that columns are predictions and rows are targets. For example, if you were to plot the matrix, you could correctly assign to the horizontal axis the label “predicted values” and to the vertical axis the label “actual values”.
Note
In case of the targets y in (batch_size, …) format, target indices between 0 and num_classes only contribute to the confusion matrix and others are neglected. For example, if num_classes=20 and target index equal 255 is encountered, then it is filtered out.
Examples
For more information on how metric works with
Engine
, visit Attach Engine API.from collections import OrderedDict import torch from torch import nn, optim from ignite.engine import * from ignite.handlers import * from ignite.metrics import * from ignite.metrics.regression import * from ignite.utils import * # create default evaluator for doctests def eval_step(engine, batch): return batch default_evaluator = Engine(eval_step) # create default optimizer for doctests param_tensor = torch.zeros([1], requires_grad=True) default_optimizer = torch.optim.SGD([param_tensor], lr=0.1) # create default trainer for doctests # as handlers could be attached to the trainer, # each test must define his own trainer using `.. testsetup:` def get_default_trainer(): def train_step(engine, batch): return batch return Engine(train_step) # create default model for doctests default_model = nn.Sequential(OrderedDict([ ('base', nn.Linear(4, 2)), ('fc', nn.Linear(2, 1)) ])) manual_seed(666)
metric = ConfusionMatrix(num_classes=3) metric.attach(default_evaluator, 'cm') y_true = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 2]) y_pred = torch.tensor([ [0.0, 1.0, 0.0], [0.0, 1.0, 0.0], [1.0, 0.0, 0.0], [0.0, 1.0, 0.0], [0.0, 1.0, 0.0], ]) state = default_evaluator.run([[y_pred, y_true]]) print(state.metrics['cm'])
tensor([[1, 1, 0], [0, 2, 0], [0, 1, 0]])
If you are doing binary classification with a single output unit, you may have to transform your network output, so that you have one value for each class. E.g. you can transform your network output into a one-hot vector with:
def binary_one_hot_output_transform(output): from ignite import utils y_pred, y = output y_pred = torch.sigmoid(y_pred).round().long() y_pred = utils.to_onehot(y_pred, 2) y = y.long() return y_pred, y metric = ConfusionMatrix(num_classes=2, output_transform=binary_one_hot_output_transform) metric.attach(default_evaluator, 'cm') y_true = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 0]) y_pred = torch.tensor([0, 0, 1, 1, 0]) state = default_evaluator.run([[y_pred, y_true]]) print(state.metrics['cm'])
tensor([[2, 1], [1, 1]])
Methods
Computes the metric based on its accumulated state.
Normalize given matrix with given average.
Resets the metric to its initial state.
Updates the metric's state using the passed batch output.
- compute()[source]#
Computes the metric based on its accumulated state.
By default, this is called at the end of each epoch.
- Returns
- the actual quantity of interest. However, if a
Mapping
is returned, it will be (shallow) flattened into engine.state.metrics whencompleted()
is called. - Return type
Any
- Raises
NotComputableError – raised when the metric cannot be computed.