Source code for torch.cuda.amp.autocast_mode

import torch
import functools
import warnings
    import numpy as np
except ModuleNotFoundError:
    np = None
from torch._six import container_abcs, string_classes

[docs]class autocast(object): r""" Instances of :class:`autocast` serve as context managers or decorators that allow regions of your script to run in mixed precision. In these regions, CUDA ops run in an op-specific dtype chosen by autocast to improve performance while maintaining accuracy. See the :ref:`Autocast Op Reference<autocast-op-reference>` for details. When entering an autocast-enabled region, Tensors may be any type. You should not call ``.half()`` on your model(s) or inputs when using autocasting. :class:`autocast` should wrap only the forward pass(es) of your network, including the loss computation(s). Backward passes under autocast are not recommended. Backward ops run in the same type that autocast used for corresponding forward ops. Example:: # Creates model and optimizer in default precision model = Net().cuda() optimizer = optim.SGD(model.parameters(), ...) for input, target in data: optimizer.zero_grad() # Enables autocasting for the forward pass (model + loss) with autocast(): output = model(input) loss = loss_fn(output, target) # Exits the context manager before backward() loss.backward() optimizer.step() See the :ref:`Automatic Mixed Precision examples<amp-examples>` for usage (along with gradient scaling) in more complex scenarios (e.g., gradient penalty, multiple models/losses, custom autograd functions). :class:`autocast` can also be used as a decorator, e.g., on the ``forward`` method of your model:: class AutocastModel(nn.Module): ... @autocast() def forward(self, input): ... Floating-point Tensors produced in an autocast-enabled region may be ``float16``. After returning to an autocast-disabled region, using them with floating-point Tensors of different dtypes may cause type mismatch errors. If so, cast the Tensor(s) produced in the autocast region back to ``float32`` (or other dtype if desired). If a Tensor from the autocast region is already ``float32``, the cast is a no-op, and incurs no additional overhead. Example:: # Creates some tensors in default dtype (here assumed to be float32) a_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") b_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") c_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") d_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") with autocast(): # is on autocast's list of ops that should run in float16. # Inputs are float32, but the op runs in float16 and produces float16 output. # No manual casts are required. e_float16 =, b_float32) # Also handles mixed input types f_float16 =, e_float16) # After exiting autocast, calls f_float16.float() to use with d_float32 g_float32 =, f_float16.float()) Type mismatch errors *in* an autocast-enabled region are a bug; if this is what you observe, please file an issue. ``autocast(enabled=False)`` subregions can be nested in autocast-enabled regions. Locally disabling autocast can be useful, for example, if you want to force a subregion to run in a particular ``dtype``. Disabling autocast gives you explicit control over the execution type. In the subregion, inputs from the surrounding region should be cast to ``dtype`` before use:: # Creates some tensors in default dtype (here assumed to be float32) a_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") b_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") c_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") d_float32 = torch.rand((8, 8), device="cuda") with autocast(): e_float16 =, b_float32) with autocast(enabled=False): # Calls e_float16.float() to ensure float32 execution # (necessary because e_float16 was created in an autocasted region) f_float32 =, e_float16.float()) # No manual casts are required when re-entering the autocast-enabled region. # again runs in float16 and produces float16 output, regardless of input types. g_float16 =, f_float32) The autocast state is thread-local. If you want it enabled in a new thread, the context manager or decorator must be invoked in that thread. This affects :class:`torch.nn.DataParallel` and :class:`torch.nn.parallel.DistributedDataParallel` when used with more than one GPU per process (see :ref:`Working with Multiple GPUs<amp-multigpu>`). Arguments: enabled(bool, optional, default=True): Whether autocasting should be enabled in the region. """ def __init__(self, enabled=True): if enabled and not torch.cuda.is_available(): warnings.warn("torch.cuda.amp.autocast only affects CUDA ops, but CUDA is not available. Disabling.") self._enabled = False else: self._enabled = enabled def __enter__(self): self.prev = torch.is_autocast_enabled() torch.set_autocast_enabled(self._enabled) torch.autocast_increment_nesting() def __exit__(self, *args): # Drop the cache when we exit to a nesting level that's outside any instance of autocast. if torch.autocast_decrement_nesting() == 0: torch.clear_autocast_cache() torch.set_autocast_enabled(self.prev) return False def __call__(self, func): @functools.wraps(func) def decorate_autocast(*args, **kwargs): with self: return func(*args, **kwargs) return decorate_autocast
# Casts Tensors and containers of Tensors. Special-cases passthroughs for strings and np.ndarrays, which # may be falsely detected as "Iterables." def _cast(value, dtype): if isinstance(value, torch.Tensor): is_eligible = (value.is_floating_point() and value.is_cuda and (value.dtype is not torch.float64)) return if is_eligible else value elif isinstance(value, string_classes): return value elif np is not None and isinstance(value, np.ndarray): return value elif isinstance(value, container_abcs.Mapping): return {_cast(k, dtype): _cast(v, dtype) for k, v in value.items()} elif isinstance(value, container_abcs.Iterable): iterable = map(lambda v: _cast(v, dtype), value) if isinstance(value, list) or isinstance(value, tuple): return type(value)(iterable) else: return iterable else: return value # custom_fwd is a decorator that may or may not be used with arguments, following # # this works: # @custom_fwd # def forward(...): # this also works: # @custom_fwd(cast_inputs=torch.float) # def forward(...): # TODO: when python 2 support is dropped, change the signature to # def custom_fwd(fwd=None, *, cast_inputs=None) with internal changes following the link above.
[docs]def custom_fwd(fwd=None, **kwargs): """ Helper decorator for ``forward`` methods of custom autograd functions (subclasses of :class:`torch.autograd.Function`). See the :ref:`example page<amp-custom-examples>` for more detail. Arguments: cast_inputs (:class:`torch.dtype` or None, optional, default=None): If not ``None``, when ``forward`` runs in an autocast-enabled region, casts incoming floating-point CUDA Tensors to the target dtype (non-floating-point Tensors are not affected), then executes ``forward`` with autocast disabled. If ``None``, ``forward``'s internal ops execute with the current autocast state. .. note:: If the decorated ``forward`` is called outside an autocast-enabled region, :func:`custom_fwd<custom_fwd>` is a no-op and ``cast_inputs`` has no effect. """ if fwd is None: if len(kwargs) == 0: cast_inputs = None else: assert len(kwargs) == 1 cast_inputs = kwargs["cast_inputs"] return functools.partial(custom_fwd, cast_inputs=cast_inputs) if len(kwargs) == 0: cast_inputs = None else: assert len(kwargs) == 1 cast_inputs = kwargs["cast_inputs"] @functools.wraps(fwd) def decorate_fwd(*args, **kwargs): if cast_inputs is None: args[0]._fwd_used_autocast = torch.is_autocast_enabled() return fwd(*args, **kwargs) else: autocast_context = torch.is_autocast_enabled() args[0]._fwd_used_autocast = False if autocast_context: with autocast(enabled=False): return fwd(*_cast(args, cast_inputs), **_cast(kwargs, cast_inputs)) else: return fwd(*args, **kwargs) return decorate_fwd
# Autograd ensures incoming gradients are the same type as forward outputs. Allowing a separate # cast_inputs argument on custom_bwd is unnecessary and could cause errors if it doesn't match # cast_inputs supplied to custom_fwd.
[docs]def custom_bwd(bwd): """ Helper decorator for backward methods of custom autograd functions (subclasses of :class:`torch.autograd.Function`). Ensures that ``backward`` executes with the same autocast state as ``forward``. See the :ref:`example page<amp-custom-examples>` for more detail. """ @functools.wraps(bwd) def decorate_bwd(*args, **kwargs): with autocast(args[0]._fwd_used_autocast): return bwd(*args, **kwargs) return decorate_bwd


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