Shortcuts

\begin{aligned} &\rule{110mm}{0.4pt} \\ &\textbf{input} : \gamma \text{ (lr)}, \: \theta_0 \text{ (params)}, \: f(\theta) \text{ (objective)}, \: \lambda \text{ (weight decay)}, \\ &\hspace{12mm} \tau \text{ (initial accumulator value)}, \: \eta\text{ (lr decay)}\\ &\textbf{initialize} : state\_sum_0 \leftarrow 0 \\[-1.ex] &\rule{110mm}{0.4pt} \\ &\textbf{for} \: t=1 \: \textbf{to} \: \ldots \: \textbf{do} \\ &\hspace{5mm}g_t \leftarrow \nabla_{\theta} f_t (\theta_{t-1}) \\ &\hspace{5mm} \tilde{\gamma} \leftarrow \gamma / (1 +(t-1) \eta) \\ &\hspace{5mm} \textbf{if} \: \lambda \neq 0 \\ &\hspace{10mm} g_t \leftarrow g_t + \lambda \theta_{t-1} \\ &\hspace{5mm}state\_sum_t \leftarrow state\_sum_{t-1} + g^2_t \\ &\hspace{5mm}\theta_t \leftarrow \theta_{t-1}- \tilde{\gamma} \frac{g_t}{\sqrt{state\_sum_t}+\epsilon} \\ &\rule{110mm}{0.4pt} \\[-1.ex] &\bf{return} \: \theta_t \\[-1.ex] &\rule{110mm}{0.4pt} \\[-1.ex] \end{aligned}

For further details regarding the algorithm we refer to Adaptive Subgradient Methods for Online Learning and Stochastic Optimization.

Parameters:
• params (iterable) – iterable of parameters to optimize or dicts defining parameter groups

• lr (float, optional) – learning rate (default: 1e-2)

• lr_decay (float, optional) – learning rate decay (default: 0)

• weight_decay (float, optional) – weight decay (L2 penalty) (default: 0)

• eps (float, optional) – term added to the denominator to improve numerical stability (default: 1e-10)

• foreach (bool, optional) – whether foreach implementation of optimizer is used (default: None)

• maximize (bool, optional) – maximize the params based on the objective, instead of minimizing (default: False)

Add a param group to the Optimizer s param_groups.

This can be useful when fine tuning a pre-trained network as frozen layers can be made trainable and added to the Optimizer as training progresses.

Parameters:

param_group (dict) – Specifies what Tensors should be optimized along with group specific optimization options.

Parameters:

state_dict (dict) – optimizer state. Should be an object returned from a call to state_dict().

state_dict()

Returns the state of the optimizer as a dict.

It contains two entries:

• state - a dict holding current optimization state. Its content

differs between optimizer classes.

• param_groups - a list containing all parameter groups where each

parameter group is a dict

step(closure=None)[source]

Performs a single optimization step.

Parameters:

closure (Callable, optional) – A closure that reevaluates the model and returns the loss.

Sets the gradients of all optimized torch.Tensor s to zero.

Parameters:

set_to_none (bool) – instead of setting to zero, set the grads to None. This will in general have lower memory footprint, and can modestly improve performance. However, it changes certain behaviors. For example: 1. When the user tries to access a gradient and perform manual ops on it, a None attribute or a Tensor full of 0s will behave differently. 2. If the user requests zero_grad(set_to_none=True) followed by a backward pass, .grads are guaranteed to be None for params that did not receive a gradient. 3. torch.optim optimizers have a different behavior if the gradient is 0 or None (in one case it does the step with a gradient of 0 and in the other it skips the step altogether).

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